Old Teen Essays
NOTE: The essay on this page contains the writings and opinions of the listed author(s) and is not necessarily shared or endorsed by the Witches' Voice inc.
The Witches' Voice does not verify or attest to the historical accuracy contained in the content of this essay.
All WitchVox essays contain a valid email address, feel free to send your comments, thoughts or concerns directly to the listed author(s).
Article ID: 4647
Age Group: Adult
Posted: September 9th. 2002
Texe Marrs 
by Kerr Cuhulain
Walker's book is extremely popular amongst feminists, but I take issue with some of the scholarship within it. The English word "hex" actually comes from the Greek "hexe" (a female sorcerer) or "hexer" (a male sorcerer). This in turn is the source of similar words with the same meaning such as the Anglo Saxon word "haegtesse" and the modern German word for a witch, "hexe." The Greek word for the number six, "hex", though having a similar spelling, was an unrelated term. The English word "sex" is derived from the Middle English "sexe", itself derived from the Old French "sexe", in turn derived from the Latin "sexus" or "secus", from the Latin "secare" ("to cut" or "to divide"). Ayto reports that the first person to use the word "sex" to refer to sexual intercourse in English literature was D. H. Lawrence.(25) The number "six" in the English language came to us from the Indo-European "seks" through Anglo Saxon and Middle English. The Latin "sex", meaning "six" comes from the same root, as does the Greek "hex", Welsh "chwech", German "sechs", Dutch "zes", Swedish and Danish "sex" and Russian "shest".
The English word "hex" did not come from the use of the hexagram. Nor is the hexagram used to put curses on someone or necessarily used to call upon entities. In fact Dutch "hex symbols," found on buildings in places such as Pennsylvania, are used to ward off evil, and to bring good fortune and prosperity to the home, not to curse people.
Another ridiculous statement made by Marrs is that "The Mother Goddess was at the head of the Mystery Religion (thus, 'Mystery Babylon'). Hers was the religion in which temple prostitutes were employed as priestesses to initiate candidates into the 'Mysteries'. The religion was also marked by its beliefs in astrology, an occult science which originated in Babylon. The Goddess was the original Virgo of the Zodiac signs; ironically, sign of Virgo represents the 'Celestial Virgin'. To many in the today's New Age Movement, the symbol of Virgo- and in fact the entire field of astrology- has profound religious significance. New Age astrology is not the fun and games of your daily horoscope in the newspaper. It is serious business..."(26) Marrs goes on to take a remark by Alice Bailey that Virgo is a triple symbol to conclude that "In New Age astrology, Virgo thus represents the triangle, which, as I have explained, is an ancient satanic symbol much in vogue today among New Agers and occultists."(27)
The triangle is not a Satanic symbol. Virgo, also known as Astraes, was the daughter of Jupiter and Themsis. Virgo was a Roman Goddess of Justice, according to Hesiod. Bailey's remark about Virgo having a "triple" aspect is probably in reference to a traditional grouping within astrology that groups signs associated with the same elements together. Virgo is in a triplicity with Taurus and Capricorn, because all three are related to the element earth, Aquarius, Gemini and Libra are in a triplicity because all three are related to air, and so on. All of the signs of the zodiac are thus connected in triplicities. This does not mean, as Marrs suggests, that Virgo's symbol is the triangle. Not one of the signs of the zodiac uses a triangle as its symbol. The symbol of Virgo resembles a stylized letter "M" with a loop at the end. Nor does the fact that Virgo is usually listed as the sixth of twelve signs of the zodiac mean that the number six is significant to Virgo. Assigning numbers to things is a numerological practice, not an astrological one.
Astrology did not originate in Babylon. This is the fundamentalist revisionist history stuff again. The Babylonians practised early forms of astrology, but Ice Age bone markings suggest knowledge of the phases of the moon as early as 32,000 years ago.
Marrs makes other statements demonstrating his complete lack of knowledge of mythology. For example, he states:
"Could the son of the Mother Goddess, the Son of Perdition who is the Antichrist, be a modern-day version of Saturn, the great Sun God of Rome? If we are to believe the astonishing teachings of prominent New Age religious teachers, Saturn is to come to life and is fated to become the Great World Ruler for the New Age Kingdom.
"Saturn had his dark side too. He was called the underworld's Lord of Death. The Hindus worshipped him under the name Shiva the Destroyer. Babylonian and Chaldean astrologers called him Aciel, the Sun of the Night. Aciel is today the name of the spirit whom many witches and satanists frequently conjure up to do their bidding."(28)
Saturn (cognate with the Greek Cronus) was an early Roman god of planting and harvest who was deposed as the king of the gods by Jupiter. Saturn was never a Roman Sun God as Marrs suggests, nor was he cognate with Shiva. Shiva ("benevolent") was a Hindu lord of the dance, the cycle of birth-death-rebirth. The name Aciel isn't used by any Wiccan group; Aciel is an obscure figure who is one of the seven Electors serving under the angel Raphael in Agrippa's Three Books of Occult Philosophy and in The Testament of Solomon.
Marrs spends a lot of time trying to convince us that common shapes and symbols are Satanic. Marrs states that "...We are literally deluged with Satanic symbols- with pentagrams, triangles, rainbows, perverted crosses, pyramids and more."(29) He also states that "New Age symbols are the keys which Satan uses to unlock the mind and reprogram it with evil..."(30)
Marrs starts by trying to convince us again that the triangle is Satanic: "...to the Goddess religion worshippers of Egypt the triangle represented the holy trinity of their three chief deities. This was Satan's mockery of the Holy Trinity of God, His Son Jesus, and the Holy Spirit...According to Walker, the triangle is the universal sign or symbol of the Mother Godess. 'The triangle', she reports, 'was worshipped in much the same way that modern Christians worship the cross.' Once again we see the importance of the triangle in connection with 'MYSTERY, BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS' (Rev. 17)[emphasis in original]."(31)
I don't believe that there is any convincing evidence that would demonstrate that the triangle was ever a universal sign of the Mother Goddess, any more than we can prove that a Goddess religion was once universal.
Marrs states that "The triangle is very popular among witches and satanists as the above symbols amply demonstrate."(32) Both of the "above symbols" he refers to in his book are elaborate drawings from Inquisitional era texts that demonstrate old church misconceptions of Witchcraft. The triangle symbol isn't used much in Wicca, the only place it occurs being as a symbol to indicate first degree initiation or, when combined with a pentagram, to indicate third degree initiation. Marrs shows quite a few examples of art work drawn from New Age magazines and books, but in every case he has deleted the addresses of the organizations involved. Is this because he doesn't want to take a chance on you contacting them to check it out for yourself?
Marrs takes these assumptions about triangles and uses it to make some rather strange deductions. For example, Marrs states that "It is no accident that... the Marxist-Communist dictators of Nicaragua- the 'Sandinistas'- have adopted the triangle, the horn, and the sun for their national flag. John Barela, Christian evangelist and author of the outstanding book Antichrist Associates and Cosmic Christianity, has exposed the occultic nature of the Nicaraguan flag: 'Central America's biggest troublemaker is the terror-exporting military state of Nicaragua... Examine this vicious government's national banner. In the middle of it for all to see is a pyramid- with rays shooting out of the occultic triangle. Notice, too, the little horn. Familiar? Did it get there by chance? By coincidence? Hardly!"(33)
Rev. John Barela is the founder and president of the radio and television ministry program "Today, the Bible and You." Barela is a lecturer for the Southwest Radio Church. This is just more of that "godless commie stuff that we see elsewhere in Marrs' book.
Marrs claims that:
"...New Age disciples are told that the following idols, or symbols, are very important for spiritual initiation into the New Age religion: the lotus, the triangle, the cube, the circle and the point, the line, certain signs of the Zodiac, and the cup, or the holy grail. Also mentioned are the following animal forms: the goat, the bull, the elephant, the man, the dragon, the lion, the dog, and the bear.
"These symbols are mind-pictures or images that become idols to the New Ager. Indeed, New Agers frequently buy and display idols of stone, stone, wood, steel, plastic, and crystal representing these forms. Yet, in using these images the New Age believer is practising idolatry in violation of God's commandment: 'Thou shall not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth...'(Exodus 20:4,5).
"The New Age practices idolatry on a grand scale. Some of the idols of the New Age are beautiful, even magnificent. For example...the rainbow...the diamond, the crystal, the rose, and the lotus blossom... But tragically the New Age lie attempts to turn these fantastic creations into things of horror."(34)
Of course, Christians like Marrs don't seem to consider crosses or scenes of the crucifixion to be examples of idolatry. In fact, most of the images that Marrs lists appear in the Bible too, so does that make the Bible idolatrous? It isn't the New Age turning these symbols into things of horror: Its Marrs trying to convince us that they are.
Eventually Marrs gets around to the pentagram. Marrs makes most of the mistakes that we have already seen earlier in this series, assuming that the pentagram was created by Satanists when it was first used by the church, assuming that the pentagram and the pentacle are the same thing, and assuming that the pentagram is "...known universally as the sign of the Devil among Satan-worshippers and witches..."(35) Marrs goes on to say that you will find "...the pentagram... on display in the lodges of Freemasons and the ladies of The Order of the Eastern Star. As evangelist John Barela's research proves, the pentagram has 'a place of honor and prominence at the Mormon Temple in Salt Lake City.' This is not surprising considering the Luciferian and Masonic roots of the Mormon Church and its founders. Another New Age group with an occult orientation, the Order of the Golden Dawn, which reportedly has an official membership of some 40,000, conducts two rituals using the pentagram... The wicked occultic pentagram has a long, infamous history. Celtic priests called it the witch's foot. In the Middle Ages it became known in Britain and elsewhere in Europe as the goblin's cross, devil's sign, and the wizard's star. Among the druids of Great Britain, it was the blasphemous sign of the Godhead.(36) 'In ancient times,' symbolism expert Rudolf Koch has written, 'it was a magical charm amongst the people of Babylon.' The pentagram was also used by the Babylonians as a healing device and as a medium for bringing good fortune."(37)
Neither the Freemasons, nor the Order of the Eastern Star, nor the Mormons nor the Order of the Golden Dawn are Satanists. Celtic priests/Druids did not call the pentagram the witch's foot: They did not use it at all. Neither could they have used it to blaspheme the Judeo-Christian God: It is hard to commit blasphemy to someone you don't even know exists. The expressions "witch's foot," "goblin's cross," "devil's sign" and "wizard's star" are all titles assigned by Inquisitional demonologists.
Marrs uses all of these nonsensical statements as "proof" that these groups are Satanic, stating: "So again we come upon another case of Satan reviving the symbolism, ritual and practice of the evil religious system he so successfully established in the days of Nimrod and Semiramis in Babylon. MYSTERY BABYLON is alive and well in the symbols and idolatry of the New Age World Religion. Some Christian authorities today believe that the pentagram may well turn out to be the Mark of the Beast of Revelation 13.[emphasis in original]"(38)
Marrs attributes much of this nonsense to Christian author Manly P. Hall, the author of the 1928 book The Secret Teachings of All Ages and Questions and Answers- Fundamentals of the Esoteric Sciences. Barela I mentioned earlier. Just because a particular symbol appears in the art of a culture does not mean that the culture in question "worshipped" that symbol.
Next Marrs goes after rainbows: "Ever since God created the beautiful and colorful rainbow in the sky as a covenant of His love for mankind, pagans led by Satan have worked to pervert its true meaning. The Irish legend of the leprechaun with his pot of gold at the end of the rainbow sought to instill in man a covetous desire for treasures and prosperity on earth. In the practice of voodoo magic in Haiti and Africa today, the rainbow is depicted as an event celebrating the marriage of a 'rainbow god' to the 'serpent god'...The New Age undoubtedly has grasped onto the rainbow because of its connection with the teachings of Tibetian Buddhism, from which many of the New Age doctrines have risen... the New Age teaches that man's path to godhood is symbolized by the 'Rainbow Bridge', which man crosses over by achieving higher consciousness. The reward at the other end of the rainbow: self-empowerment, immortality, divinity."(39) Marrs then quotes Djwal Khul in the book The Rainbow Bridge(40), (which Marrs claims to be a "bestselling book"(41), saying that "'personalities have learned how to build the Antahkarana [Rainbow Bridge]... The processes given in the RAINBOW BRIDGE have brought thousands to the point of purification and cleansing. [emphasis in original]'"(42)
Folklore like the legends about lepracauns is not created consciously in the sense that Marrs is suggesting here. Marrs makes it sound as if folklore is a technique of the Satanic Conspiracy he believes in (itself a piece of folklore).
Voodoo isn't magic, it is a religion. In Voodoo mythology, the creator God Legba uses the rainbow to travel to the Earth. Erzulie, the Virgin Goddess of the moon and the second most important deity of the Voodoo religion, controls the rainbow. Both Erzulie, in the form of the lunar serpent Aida Wedo, and the rainbow which she controls are represented on the center post of the peristyle (Voodoo temple). The rainbow is not a symbol "celebrating the marriage of a 'rainbow god' to the 'serpent god'" as Marrs asserts. It is a marriage between the rainbow Goddess Erzulie in her form as a serpent to the God Legba. One crucial thing that Marrs has either missed or omitted to tell you is that Voodoo is full of Christian (specifically Catholic) mythology. For example: One of the aspects of Legba is "Guede Souffrant"- "the Suffering Christ."
Marrs calling the rainbow "antahkarana" is ridiculous, regardless of the fact that he got this information from an obscure book on Tibetian Buddhism in California (which was not a best seller as Marrs claims elsewhere in his book(43)). Antakarana is actually the name of an ethnic group in Madagascar whose name means "People of the Rocks".
If we look at all of the other belief systems that use the symbolism of the rainbow, we still won't find anything Satanic. For example, the rainbow is the bridge of the soul boats in Indonesia. The Rainbow is also the path of the Goddess Iris in Greek mythology and the bow of the gods for several Arab tribes, as well as the Bantu tribe in Central Africa. Amongst the Nandi, Masai and Yuki Indian tribes it is the robe of a god. In the mythologies of tropical African, Asian, Australian and South American tribes it is the rainbow serpent who swallows the rain. There was a rainbow bridge called Bifrost in Norse mythology which led to the home of the Gods in Asgard. None of these religious groups are Satanic. In fact in ancient Christian mythology the rainbow is often spoken of as the throne of Christ, so Marrs doesn't even have a solid Christian basis for his claim.
(Continued... Click HERE for page III)
| ABOUT... |
Location: Surrey, British Columbia
Bio: Kerr Cuhulain the author of this article, is known to the mundane world as Detective Constable Charles Ennis. Ennis, a former child abuse investigator, is the author of several articles on child abuse investigation that appeared in Law & Order Magazine. Better known to the Pagan community by his Wiccan name, Kerr Cuhulain, Ennis was the first Wiccan police officer to go public about his beliefs 28 years ago. Kerr is now the Preceptor General of Officers of Avalon. Kerr went on to write four books: The Law Enforcement Guide to Wicca (Horned Owl Publishing), Wiccan Warrior and Full Contact Magick: A Book of Shadows for the Wiccan Warrior. (Llewellyn Publications), as well as a book based on this series: Witch Hunts: Out of the Broom Closet (Spiral Publishing).
Email Kerr: email@example.com
Other Articles: Kerr Cuhulain has posted 182 additional articles- View them?
Other Listings: To view ALL of my listings: Click HERE
Email Me... (Yes! I have opted to receive invites to Pagan events, groups, and commercial sales)
Web Site Content (including: text - graphics - html - look & feel)
Copyright 1997-2019 The Witches' Voice Inc. All rights reserved
Note: Authors & Artists retain the copyright for their work(s) on this website.
Unauthorized reproduction without prior permission is a violation of copyright laws.
Website structure, evolution and php coding by Fritz Jung on a Macintosh.
Any and all personal political opinions expressed in the public listing sections
(including, but not restricted to, personals, events, groups, shops, Wren’s Nest, etc.)
are solely those of the author(s) and do not reflect the opinion of The Witches’ Voice, Inc.
TWV is a nonprofit, nonpartisan educational organization.
The Witches' Voice carries a 501(c)(3) certificate and a Federal Tax ID.
Mail Us: The Witches' Voice Inc., P.O. Box 341018, Tampa, Florida 33694-1018 U.S.A.
of The World