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Article ID: 4802
Age Group: Adult
Posted: November 18th. 2002
by Kerr Cuhulain
Rapacki's manual has a section entitled "Definitions of Satanic Terms".(46) Careful examination of this list clearly shows that Rapacki does not have even a basic grasp of occult and Satanic terminology. An investigator attempting to use such a list would very quickly find that the information is of little or no use to them. Rapacki includes several terms like Ankh, Beltaine, Occult and Ordo Templi Orientis which, while correctly defined, have no place on a list of Satanic term.s The following are examples of other terms included in Rapacki's list, none of which are Satanic:
NOTE: Rapacki has not only misspelled this name, he has the words backwards. The proper name should be Astrum Argentinum, a Latin name which means "Silver Star". Rapacki does correctly name Aleister Crowley as the founder of this magical lodge. In fact, he later describes Crowley as an "occultist"(47), calling Crowley "diabolical"(48), but not using the word Satanist or Satanic in his description. But by listing him in his list of Satanic symbols the inference is made that both Crowley and his organization were Satanic, which is not true.
- "Athame: A daggar (sic) or sword used by a priestess or witch in a magical ceremony. It has a black handle and magic symbols engraved on its blade."(49)
NOTE: An athame is a knife, not a sword. It is not exclusively used by women, and it is a magical tool traditionally used in Wicca and Occidental Ceremonial Magick, not Satanism. The athame often has a black handle. It is a magical tool which first appears with the name "arthame" in French transcripts of the Greater Key of Solomon (specifically manuscript number 2350 in the Bilbioteque de l'Arsenal in Paris, Le Secret des secrets, autrement la Clavicule de Salomon ou le veritable Grimoire).(50) In De Givry's Witchcraft, Magic and Alchemy, the "arthame" is described as being the magic knife of the witch.(51) A tool with a similar name, an "arctrave" or hook, appears in the Book of True Black Magic, which is based on the Greater Key of Solomon.(52) Sybil Leek refers to it as an "athalme." "Athamas" is a variation of the Greek word Athanatos ("immortal") used in the consecration of the sacred pen in the Greater Key of Solomon. "Athemay" is the name of the sun in summer in The Magus.
Doreen Valiente points out that Clark Aston Smith introduced the arthame as a tool of magic with the name "athame" in his story, "The Master of the Crabs," which appeared in the magazine Wierd Tales in 1947. Valiente also points out that: "some present day exponents of the near-eastern cult of Sufism have attributed it to the Arabic 'adh-dhame', meaning 'blood letter', in the sense of it being a shedder of blood, which is just what the witches' athame is not."(53) Valiente then dismisses the Sufist theory of the word's origins for this reason.
Now while the athame is definitely NOT used to draw blood in modern Wiccan practice, we cannot say that this is alone is a valid reason to reject the possibility that this was, in fact, the original root of this word. Walker reports that the name of this Moorish-Arab-Andalusian weapon was the "al-dhamme", which was used by a cult of moon worshippers called the "Double Horned-ones." It was called the "blood letter" because it was used in a ritual scarring ceremony.(54)
As an aside, the closest word that I could find in English is the Middle English "anlace" or "anelace", also known as an "anglas" in Welsh, which was a broad, tapering knife or dagger, from eighteen to twenty four inches in length and which was worn at the waist.
- "Baphomet: Rapacki states that Baphomet "At one time was worshipped by the Knights Templar and later by those who took part in the Black Mass. Today it is seen as a deity, a goat-headed god with angelic wings, the breasts of a female, and an illuminated torch between his horns".(55)
NOTE: Baphomet was a bisexual idol or spiritual symbol, usually with goat attributes, that the Knights Templar were accused of worshipping in the 14th Century CE. There are several theories about how this name was derived. Some suggest that it is simply a corruption of Mohammed, a theory probably first advanced by the Crusaders who considered the Islamic faith demonic. Some say that it comes from the Arabic "abu-fihamat" (pronounced "bufihimat"), meaning "father of wisdom". Some say that it is from the phrase "Baphe Meteos" ("baptism of Metis"), Metis being a Greek Goddess of knowledge. Others suggest that Baphomet is "Tem ohp ab" backwards, this being an abbreviation for the expression "Templi omium hominum pacis abbas" ("the father of the temple of peace of all men").
Anton LaVey adopted Baphomet as a symbol in the form of an inverse pentagram with a goat's head superimposed on it, surrounded by the Hebrew letters lamed, vau, yod, tau and nun (LVYTN). These letters spell the Hebrew rendering of the name Leviathan. The name Baphomet also appears as one of the Infernal names listed in Anton LaVey's Satanic Bible and in the Black Mass and Satanic Baptism in his Satanic Rituals. Aleister Crowley uses Baphomet in his Liber Samekh, Liber A'Ash and in his version of the Gnostic Mass.
- "Cauldron: A large cup or pot used by Satanic practitioners. Medieval witches were said to stir up their magical concoctions in a cauldron".(56)
NOTE: Notice how Rapacki is again inferring that Wiccans are Satanists. This is an image borrowed from the demonologists of the Inquisition and the play MacBeth, not reality. The Middle English word was "caldron" or "caudron", and first appeared in Gower's Confessio Amantis before 1393. Before 1300 it was spelled "caudrun". This word comes from the Old French "caudron" or "chaudron". It derives from the Late Latin "caldaria" ("a kettle for hot water").(57) A large, iron pot, which is an ancient symbol of the Celtic Goddess Cerridwen or the Celtic God Dagda. To the Celts the cauldron was an ancient symbol of rebirth and regeneration. Many ancient Celtic myths refer to the cauldron as a sort of cornucopia which contains whatever food a person desires and is never empty. For example, the Dagda's cauldron, named "the undry" or Uinde ("act of beholding") was never empty of food. Many Pagan and Neo Pagan religious groups use cauldrons in their ritual circles.
NOTE: Rapacki specifically identifies this as a Wiccan term, not mentioning Satanism in his definition at all. However, as with the term Beltane, by including on this list he suggests that Wicca is Satanic, which it is not. Satanists organize themselves into grottos or pylons, not covens.
- "Druids: Celtic priests in pre-Christian Britain and Gaul. Very powerful and dangerous- still active today."(58)
NOTE: While some Druids carried out Celtic religious functions, others specialized in unrelated fields such as music and law. Rapacki concludes his definition by stating: Druid orders have been recreated in today's world, but they aren't very large and they certainly aren't dangerous or Satanic.
NOTE: Rapacki correctly identifies the four elements, (earth, air, fire and water) giving their Norse and Hindu names. Neither traditional Norse beliefs nor Hindu beliefs are Satanic.
- "Goetia: A tradition of black magic, including incantations, ceremonies and techniques of sorcery."(59)
NOTE: The word Goetia is derived from the Greek roots "goeteia" ("magic or jugglery"), "goeteuein" ("to bewitch") and "goes" ("wizard or sorcerer"). While ceremonial magic is sometimes referred to as "Goetic Magic", the term "Goetia" is specifically the title one of the books forming the grimoire known as The Lesser Key of Solomon, also known as the Lemegeton.
- "Hexagrams: ...believed among occultists to protect and control demons."(60)
NOTE: In fact, hexagrams were used by Judeo-Christian ceremonial magicians to protect AGAINST and control demons.
- "Horned God: Symbol of male sexuality in witchcraft. Part man, part goat".(61)
NOTE: Once again Rapacki uses the term Witchcraft as if it were synonymous with Satanism. Rapacki defines the term "Goat's Head" elsewhere in his manual as: "Symbolic of Satan universally".(62) While the image of Satan as a creature who is part man, part goat is part of the later Christian mythos, the "Horned God" of Wicca is not the Devil. Originally Satan was a serpent or a dragon with reptilian features. The Church later remade Satan in the image of the many horned Gods to turn the people away from their beloved nature Gods. The Christians merely turned the old God into a bogey man to frighten the masses and motivate them into joining the church.
NOTE: Rapacki has included the Hindu, Nepalese and Tibetian Goddess Kali Ma on his list of Satanic terms. Kali, whose name means "black mother", presides over destruction and creation. She was not originally part of any Satanic pantheon. Rapacki may have gotten this idea from Anton LaVey's Satanic Bible, which lists Kali as one of the Infernal names.
- "Key of Solomon: Title of a famous medieval grimoire published in two forms: The Greater Key of Solomon and the Lesser Key, or Goetia. The Lesser Key contains detailed commentaries of the nature of the spirits summoned in ceremonial magic, including those used in medieval witchcraft and necromancy."(63)
NOTE: Actually The Greater Key of Solomon and The Lesser Key of Solomon were two separate and unrelated documents. Here Rapacki is contradicting his definition of "Goetia" being a "tradition of black magic" earlier.
- "Magic, Ceremonial: Magic that employs ritual symbols and ceremony. Ceremonial magic stimulates the senses by including in its rituals ceremonial costumes, dramatic invocations to the gods or spirits, potent incense and mystic sacraments."(64)
NOTE: What Rapacki does not inform his reader, probably because he does not know, is that the symbols and sacraments used in this magical tradition are Judaic and Christian and that the invocations to deity are not to Gods but to Jehovah. Some of the spirits invoked in this tradition are demons, but more often than not they are angels. Actually, Rapacki's description here could apply equally well to a Roman Catholic Mass.
- "Rose Cross: A golden cross with a rose at its center; the emblem of the Esoteric Order of the Rosicrucians."(65)
NOTE: Here we have Rapacki listing the Rosicrucians as a Satanic organization, which is not true.
- "Runes: A language of a secret nature. There are several forms of runeing".(66)
NOTE: The term runes is not a generic term for secret languages as Rapacki suggests. The Runes are a Norse alphabet, which appears in various regional variations. They weren't secret at all, being used by the Norse and Germanic tribes to write. Like the Hebrew Qabbalah, which assigns certain meanings and values to each of the letters of the Hebrew alphabet, the Runes were assigned meanings and values as well. In fact the Norse system is more elaborate than that of the Qabbalah. But anyone can go to a library and look up their meanings.
- "Solstice: Times of the year when the sun has no northward or southward motion".(67)
NOTE: As the sun at all times apparently travels from east to west, this definition is rather confusing. It would be more accurate to say that the solstice is the point in the ecliptic (the suns apparent annual path) at the greatest distance from the equator, at which the sun appears to stop or cease to recede from the equator. However this term is not Satanic in origin.
- "Spirits: One-third of the angelic host cast out of Heaven with Lucifer after he led a revolt, with them, against God's throne.(68)
NOTE: Obviously Rapacki hasn't read any of the grimoires he lists, because if he had, he would have realized that these usually label angels as spirits too.
- "Voodoo: An ancient religion combining Catholicism and Sorcery. Those involved are extremely superstitious and are heavily involved in fetishes."(69)
NOTE: Voodoo, also known as Voodoun or Vodun, is derived from a word "Vodu" in the West African Fon language meaning "deity" or "power". Milo Rigaud says that it derives from the terms "vo" ("introspection") and "du" ("into the unknown").(70) Voodoo is a religion derived from the beliefs of the Nagos, Ibos, Congos, Dahomeans, Senegalese, Haoussars, Caplaous, Mandinges, Mondongues, Angolese, Libyans, Ethiopians and the Malgaches, brought from West Africa as slaves to Haiti and the Dominican Repulic. These tribal beliefs were syncretized to one extent or another with Roman Catholic beliefs.
Followers of Voodoo believe that the world is inhabited with spirits called Lwa or Loa. Rituals involve the invocation of Lwa using magickal diagrams called Vévés, chants and music. Some members of the congregation enter trance and become possessed by the Loa invoked. These rituals are lead by a Houn'gan (priest) or Mam'bo (priestess). Apart from their sharing certain Christian religious terms, Satanism and Voodoo have little in common.
- "Warlock: The male counterpart of a witch. The term is also used to describe a sorcerer who is skilled in summoning supernatural evil forces and practising black magic."(71)
NOTE: The modern term "Warlok" first appeared in Scotland before 1585 CE, the spelling changing to the more familiar spelling "warlock" in 1685 CE. Before this it was variously spelled "warlag", "warlau" or "warlo", going back to about 1400 CE. It is derived from the Old English expression "woer loga", which means "traitor" or "oath breaker" ("woer", meaning "faith", "pledge" or "true" plus "loga", an agent noun related to "leogan" = "to speak falsely") which dates back to 900 CE. It was a term originally used by early Christians in a manner similar to the original use of the word Pagan, as an insult. Later it came to be used by the Church to describe a male witch. One of the most common misconceptions in society today is that male Wiccans are called "warlocks". In fact a male Wiccan is properly referred to as a "witch" or a "wicca." Anton LaVey adopted the term warlock as the title of a male initiated into the second degree within the Church of Satan in 1970.
- "Wicca: An alternative name for witchcraft."(72)
NOTE: In fact Wicca is the proper name of a modern Pagan religion. It does not belong on a list of Satanic words.
- "Witches Sabbath: Meeting of a witches' coven held in order to perform magical rites and ceremonies. A large number of witches and warlocks who would gather around a bonfire or cauldron, lighting black candles and performing sacrifices. The sabbath would culminate in a sexual orgy."(73)
NOTE: Regular meetings of Wiccans to "perform magical rites and ceremonies" are called "Esbats", not "Sabbaths." Witches' Sabbats (note spelling) are eight major festivals, spaced out evenly throughout the year, which mark the turning of the seasons. None of them involve sacrifice or orgies.
Rapacki doesn't have much of a grasp of Christian terms which appear in magical texts either: For example, Rapacki lists a few "demons" in his list of Satanic terms:
- "Belial: The most vicious of all demons. He is identified with death and evil. He is the demon of destruction".(74)
NOTE: Belial is a Hebrew name, "BLIOL", meaning "wicked one". It appears in numerous places in the Old Testament, such as Deuteronomy 13:13, Judges and 1 Samuel. If we look at some of the old grimoires we find:
- That in the Sacred Writings of Abramelin the Mage, Belial is a demon named as one of the four "superior princes", along with Lucifer, Leviathan, and Satan and is a name that appears on the first line of a double acrostic square used to find and seize jewels not magically guarded.
- That Wierus lists him as Beelzebuth's ambassador to Turkey.
- That Belial is the sixty eighth spirit listed in the Lemegeton (Lesser Key of Solomon), described as a king who appears as a beautiful angel seated in a chariot of fire. The Lemegeton describes Belial as one of the four chiefs of the seventy two spirits of the Goetia (a book forming part of the Lemegeton). The Lemegeton assigns him the power to win the favours of friends and foes, to give familiars, and to make men senators.
None of these listings would suggest that Belial is, as Rapacki suggests, "the demon of destruction". So I wonder where Rapacki got his information?
(Continued... Click HERE for page IV)
| ABOUT... |
Location: Surrey, British Columbia
Bio: Kerr Cuhulain the author of this article, is known to the mundane world as Detective Constable Charles Ennis. Ennis, a former child abuse investigator, is the author of several articles on child abuse investigation that appeared in Law & Order Magazine. Better known to the Pagan community by his Wiccan name, Kerr Cuhulain, Ennis was the first Wiccan police officer to go public about his beliefs 28 years ago. Kerr is now the Preceptor General of Officers of Avalon. Kerr went on to write four books: The Law Enforcement Guide to Wicca (Horned Owl Publishing), Wiccan Warrior and Full Contact Magick: A Book of Shadows for the Wiccan Warrior. (Llewellyn Publications), as well as a book based on this series: Witch Hunts: Out of the Broom Closet (Spiral Publishing).
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