Old Teen Essays
NOTE: The essay on this page contains the writings and opinions of the listed author(s) and is not necessarily shared or endorsed by the Witches' Voice inc.
The Witches' Voice does not verify or attest to the historical accuracy contained in the content of this essay.
All WitchVox essays contain a valid email address, feel free to send your comments, thoughts or concerns directly to the listed author(s).
Article ID: 4810
Age Group: Adult
Posted: December 2nd. 2002
Misdirected Cops 
by Kerr Cuhulain
There has always been a great deal of interest in the law enforcement community in the subject of "occult crime". It is a subject surrounded by mystery and sensationalism, which gives it an enticing image. Some of those in law enforcement have pursued their interest and have produced manuals on investigating occult crime. Wittingly or unwittingly, these manuals are another factor leading creation of Satanic hysteria.
I have collected many such manuals over the years I have spent in police work. Most of them are appallingly inaccurate and the few that have any factual basis are so short that they are virtually useless. As we saw in the previous chapter, much of the information being presented to the sincere and unsuspecting officers writing such manuals is inadequate and inaccurate.
Ultimately other investigators take these inadequate manuals and waste a great deal of their time on unproductive wild goose chases trying to put the "information" in them to use. As a result, expensive investigative hours are wasted, innocent people are falsely accused and investigators are embarrassed. To give you a better idea of the kind of misinformation available, lets look at a few examples:
I have in my possession a written by Sgt. Edwin Anderson, Jr, of the California State University Police in San Jose, California. Anderson states: "This work is the result of compiling information from an abundance of sources, both documentary and testimonial." Having got past the first page one finds that this manual appears to be a glossary of occult terms, though for some odd reason, Anderson lists five names of organizations on the third page with no definition or explanation attached to them at all.
Apart from this the Law Enforcement Guide to Occult-Related Crime looks very professional, but to the informed it is full of surprises. The most obvious error is to be found on page 44. Here one finds the entry "Zodiac, signs of." This is followed by a list of 24 symbols, none of which are labelled. Now, in astrology, the Zodiac is the belt of constellations that circle the sky through which the sun passes. Any astronomer or astrologer will tell you that there are only 12 signs of the zodiac in western tradition. Only two of the symbols that Anderson has listed are actually identifiable as signs of the zodiac: Libra and Aries. The symbols of the other ten signs of the zodiac in Anderson's manual, Taurus, Gemini, Cancer, Leo, Virgo, Scorpio, Sagittarius, Capricorn, Aquarius and Pisces, are nowhere to be seen.
Five of Anderson's "signs of the zodiac" are actually symbols used by astrologers to mark what they call "aspects": in other words the angles that planets make with one another on the natal chart, commonly referred to as a horoscope. In this case symbols for the trine, semi square, quincunx, conjunction and square aspects. One of the symbols that he lists as a "sign of the zodiac" is a planetary astrological symbol for the sun. One symbol is a letter "P," which is sometimes used in astrology as a shorthand for "progression," which is a method of determining future trends from a natal horoscope chart. Four of the symbols he lists appear to be mathematical symbols for add, subtract, "greater than" and "less than." This leaves 11 mysterious symbols that to this day I have never been able to find in any astronomical, astrological, or symbology text.
Curiously, Anderson correctly names the twelve signs of the zodiac elsewhere in his Law Enforcement Guide to Occult-Related Crime. However, Anderson demonstrates his fundamental misunderstanding of the subject on page 30, where he defines "Zodiac" as "The pattern of stars and planets used in astrology" and again on page 10, where in two consecutive entries he lists "Cancer: A sign of the zodiac representing June 21 through July 20", followed by "Cancer: An astrological sign." It seems that Anderson does not realize that a "sign of the zodiac" and "an astrological sign" are the same thing, nor does he realize that the zodiac is patterns of stars, not planets.
Where did Anderson get this information? None of the "...sources, both documentary and testimonial" that Anderson lists in his bibliography at the end of the manual are books on astrology. Not that he needed to refer to a book on astrology. Most major newspapers have a horoscope section that would have given him the names if not the symbols for the twelve signs of the Zodiac, had he cared to look.
Let's look at some of the other less obvious inaccuracies that I found in Anderson's manual. Here are some of the definitions he has listed in it:
- "Agrippa: A grimoire written in black or Purple pages, and shaped like a man."(1)
NOTE: There is no such thing as a human shaped book called an "agrippa". Agrippa, or more correctly Henry Cornelius Agrippa, was an alchemist and philosopher who lived from 1486-1535 CE. Agrippa was a counsellor to the Emperor of Germany and a judge of the Prerogative Court. The reason that his name is connected to a book here is probably because he was the author of three well known books of philosophy and was purported to be the author of a long lost fourth book, The Fourth Book of Cornelius Agrippa. In fact Agrippa did not write the fourth book, a grimoire of magic. It was written by some unknown author who gave it Agrippa's name to lend it credibility that it did not deserve. It is still possible to obtain copies of this "fourth book" in metaphysical book stores, but it is a regular book, not "shaped like a man."
- "Black Dragon: A popular grimoire attributed to Honorius, an occultist of the 15th century."(2)
NOTE: The fifteenth century grimoire that Anderson is referring to here is the Red Dragon, not the Black Dragon. Its proper title is Le Dragon Rouge ou L'Art de Commander les Esprits Celestes, Aeriens et Infernaux. The oldest copy is dated 1521. Though it is attributed to Honorius in its text, Honorius was NOT its author. Honorius died roughly 500 years before it was written. There is another grimoire supposedly written by Honorius, known as the Grimoire of Honorius or the Sworn Book of Honorius, but it first appeared sometime in the 14th century and is better known from reprints in the 17th century. The only grimoires whose titles refer to black creatures are a French grimoire, The Black Pullet (La Poule Noir), which appeared in the mid 1800s, and an obscure French grimoire entitled The Black Screech Owl. Honorius didn't write either of these.
- "Book of Enoch: An extra-Biblical work, apparently written in the 2nd century b.c. which forms the basis for much of the mythology associated with witchcraft."(3)
NOTE: Enoch was the seventh patriarch of the Book of Genesis, the son of Cain. He is the subject of several works of apocryphal literature, which describe him as having received secret knowledge from God. This mirrors the Babylonian myth of the king Enmenduranna, who received divine revelations from the sun god. There are actually TWO Books of Enoch:
- The First Book of Enoch or Ethiopic Book of Enoch is a pseudepigraphical work (in other words not included in any canon of Biblical scripture). It is called "Ethiopic" because the only surviving version is an Ethiopic translation of an earlier Greek text, which was in turn a translation of an even earlier Hebrew text. Part of it is the "Apocalypse of Weeks," written about 168 BCE. Other portions appear to have been written by a Jewish Christian in the 2nd century C.E. who wanted to use Enoch's name for his work to give it authority. Much of it has to do with the fate of the soul after death. The First Book of Enoch was originally accepted by the Christian Church but later excluded from Biblical canon.
- The Second Book of Enoch or Slavonic Book of Enoch, another pseudepigraphical work. It is called Slavonic because the only surviving version is a Slavonic translation of an earlier Greek text. It is dated by scholars to the 7th century CE, and may be based in part on fragments from as far back as the 1st century BCE. It starts with a description of Enoch's travels through seven tiers of heaven, goes on to describe how Enoch received wisdom from God, and then ends with Enoch's advice to his sons.
Neither the First Book of Enoch nor the Second Book of Enoch discuss witchcraft, though they do discuss heavenly structure and the inhabitants of this structure. To confuse matters further, you will recall that earlier in the series I discussed how the Elizabethan alchemist and ceremonial magician John Dee and his assistant medium Edward Kelly, developed a system and language of magic which he called "Enochian." Dee authored several books, but none of them was called the "Book of Enoch."
So it would be more accurate to say that the myths surrounding the Books of Enoch forms the basis for many of the Christian myths associated with witchcraft.
- "Book of Moses: The standard magician's code of the Middle Ages; it contains a complicated ritual for the induction of neophytes."(4)
NOTE: The Book of Moses is mentioned in the Bible in 2 Chronicles 25:4, 2 Chronicles 35:12, Ezra 6:18, Nehemiah 13:1 and Mark 12:26. It was a book of the law written by Moses and presented to his people, including the Ten Commandments, and forms a well known part of the Judeo-Christian mythology. It was not a "standard magician's code... containing a... ritual for the induction of neophytes." As was done in the case of several other published philosophers or religious leaders, someone later wrote a spurious text claiming to be the long lost 8th, 9th and 10th books of Moses. This is still in print(5) and would have been available to Anderson, had he looked.
- "Key of Solomon: Probably the most famous grimoire ever written; some legends hold that it was written by demons and hidden under Solomon's throne. Various versions in different languages survive today."(6)
NOTE: Anderson is obviously unaware that there are TWO Keys of Solomon. The Greater Key of Solomon was possibly the most well known of the two grimoires, also known as the Clavicula Salomonis, or the Key of Solomon the King. It was attributed to King Solomon (1033-975 BCE) and was first translated into English in 1889 by S Liddell MacGregor Mathers. The oldest surviving copy dates back to the 16th century CE and is in the British Museum. Most of the surviving copies are French, and reside in either the Arsenal at Paris or the Bibliotheque National. It is unlikely to have been written before the 14th century CE. The Lesser Key of Solomon is an unrelated work, which was written much later. The Lesser Key of Solomon is also known as the Lemegeton or the Goetia. Like the Greater Key of Solomon, the Lesser Key of Solomon is attributed to King Solomon, although this highly unlikely. The earliest surviving examples are French and date back to the 17th century CE. It has four parts: The Goetia, the Theurgia Goetia, the Pauline Art, and the Almadel.
One final example from Anderson's manual: On page 30 one finds the following definition:
"Zoso: A mythological three-headed dog who guards the gateway to hell."(7)
Further on in the manual is a crude drawing of the word "zoso", accompanied by this definition:
"Zoso: The name of a three headed dog; the protector of the gateway to hell; a nickname of Jimmy Page."
We encountered this myth in my discussion of Raschke's book, Painted Black, earlier in this series. Cerberus is the actual name of the mythical a three headed dog who guarded Hades, not Zoso. Zoso is a sigil that was unrelated to him.
There is not one book on Greek mythology in the bibliography. If there had been Anderson would have known who Cerberus was. If Anderson had obtained any of the grimoires mentioned a few paragraphs ago, he might have figured this "Zoso" sigil out too, but he didn't and he hasn't. None of the texts that Anderson refers to appear in Anderson's bibliography, despite the fact that books such as the Greater and Lesser Keys of Solomon and the Fourth Book of Cornelius Agrippa are still available in print. Despite the fact that Anderson lists the Bible in his bibliography, he appears confused about what the Book of Moses is. Most reputable histories of Christian religion would have informed him of what the Books of Enoch are. As I already pointed out, despite listing astrological terms he lists no texts on astrology in his Bibliography either.
Now there are many other errors in Anderson's book, but I chose these few to make a point. The question is: What kind of books does Anderson list in his bibliography as source materials, and what does this tell us about him? Anderson's bibliography lists a combination of 61 documents, books, periodicals, videos, audio tapes, support groups, people and law enforcement persons. Of these, 45 are known to disseminate inaccurate information on "occult crime." Most of these are easily identified as being connected with fundamentalist Christian groups or individuals. Only 8 of the listings are for law enforcement officers and two of those are known to be disseminators of inaccurate information about SRA. In a letter to me in which he responded to my criticisms of his manual, Anderson stated that he was not "speaking as a representative of Christianity" and that he considered himself "a liberal thinker."(8) This being the case, then there are two underlying reasons why Anderson's manual is so inaccurate: Firstly, Anderson's research is incomplete and secondly the sources that he did use are inaccurate. Anderson may not have done as much research as he should have, believing that the information that he had from his resources was adequate, trusting their research. In fairness, Anderson indicated in his letter to me that he would be making corrections to his manual.
He is not the first officer to fall into this trap. As you have already seen, there are quite a number of groups and individuals out there presenting themselves as "experts" and ready to lead unsuspecting people down the garden path.
Many other examples of such manuals can be found. For example, I obtained a copy of the Colorado Bureau of Investigation's Questioned Documents Examiner's Occult Guide, prepared by Dennis Mooney, Paige Doherty, and Trent Eichhorn. The stated purpose this Guide is: "...to provide a basic reference guide for symbols and terminology used by black magic, pagan, and satanic cults... The primary focus will be on providing information to enable a questioned documents examiner or investigator to recognize and identify a cult related symbol or verbage(sic)."(9) Essentially what these people are trained to do is examine documents to determine whether they are forgeries, to perform handwriting analysis and to identify the device used to print the documents. The documents they examine are referred to as "Questioned Documents."
There are five lists of supposed occult ritual dates in this Guide. Several of these are incorrect or at least incorrectly spelled. For example: In their definitions list they correctly define "equinox" as the "two times a year when the sun crosses the celestial equator and when the length of day and night are approximately equal." However, on page two they state: "Other important dates are Spring and Summer Equinox celebrations known as Beltane and Lammas." Of course there is no such thing as a Summer Equinox. The equinoxes occur around March 21 and September 21, in the Spring and Autumn. The investigator can get their exact date by contacting a local observatory or by referring to an astronomical ephemeris. Obviously they have not. Other errors include:
- The CBI manual defines Midsummer as "Festival of Beltane." On the same page they define May Eve as: "Festital Roodman (sic)." Beltane or Beltaine is celebrated on May Eve (April 30), although it is sometimes called "Rudemas" (note spelling). Midsummer, the summer solstice, is called Litha, not "Beltane."
- The CBI manual suggests that all occultists call May Eve "Walpurgisnacht" which, as we saw in an earlier article in this series, is a practice followed only by Christians and Satanists.
- The CBI manual defines November Eve as "Hallow Mass." November Eve (October 31) is, in fact, not called Hallow Mass or Halloween by followers of Pagan religions. Wiccans call it Samhain.
- The CBI manual calls November 1 "Festival of Hecate." The traditional Greek festival for Hecate, a crone Goddess of magic and the crossroads, was really August 13.
- The CBI manual lists January 1 as a Witch's festival date despite the fact that many Pagan religions such as Wicca celebrate Samhain (October 31) as New Years, ignoring January 1 entirely. The modern practice of celebrating January first is a carry over from the Roman festivities honouring the Goddess Fortuna.
- The CBI manual lists January 20, Shrovetide, April 24, July 25 or August 24 as festival dates common to Witches, Satanists and Christians. January 20 is St Agnes' Eve, a Christian festival date traditionally used for divination by fire, but not recognized by Wiccans. Shrovetide, the three days preceding Ash Wednesday, is a Christian festival, not a Wiccan one. April 24 is St Mark's Eve, another Christian festival traditionally used for divination but not recognized by Wiccans. July 25 was the date of an obscure Roman festival named the Furrinalia, honouring Furrina, the Goddess of springs. Neither the Christians, the Satanists nor the Witches (Wiccans) celebrate this date. August 24 is the Christian festival of St Bartholomew and the date of the ancient Roman festival called "the Mania", which was a festival acknowledging the manes, who were the deified spirits of the ancestors. Neither Witches nor Satanists recognize it.
(Continued... Click HERE for page II)
| ABOUT... |
Location: Surrey, British Columbia
Bio: Kerr Cuhulain the author of this article, is known to the mundane world as Detective Constable Charles Ennis. Ennis, a former child abuse investigator, is the author of several articles on child abuse investigation that appeared in Law & Order Magazine. Better known to the Pagan community by his Wiccan name, Kerr Cuhulain, Ennis was the first Wiccan police officer to go public about his beliefs 28 years ago. Kerr is now the Preceptor General of Officers of Avalon. Kerr went on to write four books: The Law Enforcement Guide to Wicca (Horned Owl Publishing), Wiccan Warrior and Full Contact Magick: A Book of Shadows for the Wiccan Warrior. (Llewellyn Publications), as well as a book based on this series: Witch Hunts: Out of the Broom Closet (Spiral Publishing).
Email Kerr: email@example.com
Other Articles: Kerr Cuhulain has posted 182 additional articles- View them?
Other Listings: To view ALL of my listings: Click HERE
Email Me... (Yes! I have opted to receive invites to Pagan events, groups, and commercial sales)
Web Site Content (including: text - graphics - html - look & feel)
Copyright 1997-2014 The Witches' Voice Inc. All rights reserved
Note: Authors & Artists retain the copyright for their work(s) on this website.
Unauthorized reproduction without prior permission is a violation of copyright laws.
Website structure, evolution and php coding by Fritz Jung on a Macintosh G5.
Any and all personal political opinions expressed in the public listing sections (including, but not restricted to, personals, events, groups, shops, Wren’s Nest, etc.) are solely those of the author(s) and do not reflect the opinion of The Witches’ Voice, Inc. TWV is a nonprofit, nonpartisan educational organization.
Sponsorship: Visit the Witches' Voice Sponsor Page for info on how you
can help support this Community Resource. Donations ARE Tax Deductible.
The Witches' Voice carries a 501(c)(3) certificate and a Federal Tax ID.
Mail Us: The Witches' Voice Inc., P.O. Box 341018, Tampa, Florida 33694-1018 U.S.A.
of The World