Your browser does not support script

Your Voice!

Adult Essays

 Current Topic
 Editorial Guide

 Old Teen Essays

NOTE: The essay on this page contains the writings and opinions of the listed author(s) and is not necessarily shared or endorsed by the Witches' Voice inc.

The Witches' Voice does not verify or attest to the historical accuracy contained in the content of this essay.

All WitchVox essays contain a valid email address, feel free to send your comments, thoughts or concerns directly to the listed author(s).

Article Specs

VxAcct: 230739

Article ID: 5015

Section: whs

Age Group: Adult

Posted: January 13th. 2003

Views: 10451

Strange Therapy [6]

by Kerr Cuhulain

Therapists treating "survivors" of SRA often use hypnosis and "narcoanalysis" in their attempts to recover repressed memories. Narcoanalysis is the technique of using a sedative called amobarbital sodium (colloquially known as "truth serum") to induce a trance like state. This stemmed from beliefs originating in the Korean war: At that time the public was lead to believe that brainwashing was a common and effective technique used to change the political beliefs of prisoners. This has been extended in recent years to a belief that cults use such techniques to "program" their followers. Sherill Mulhern reports that "This programmed robot model of mind control was accepted by a variety of American psychologists and psychologists and psychiatrists, in spite of the fact that it had been repeatedly discredited by scientific researchers (Schein, 1956; Lifton, 1961; James, 1986; Bromley & Richardson, 1983)."(54)

Studies of the allegations of brainwashing and programming by Spiegel, 1973; Morgan & Higard, 1975; Weitzenhoffer & Hilgard, 1969; and Frankel, 1990, showed that there are varying degrees of susceptibility to hypnosis. The studies show that between five and ten percent of the population is highly susceptible. People are rated according to their susceptibility and those in this extremely susceptible category are classified as "grade 5", grade 1 being the least susceptible.

Dr Mulhern found that Grade 5's were "like sponges soaking in whatever they focus on in their environment."(55) Mulhern outlined other common characteristics of Grade 5's that explain how they may be exploited by therapists who believe that they are treating survivors of SRA:

  • Grade 5 subjects are extremely trusting, which translates into "a persistent demand that 'all attention and concern be focussed on them."(56)
  • Grade 5s have unfailing confidence in the good will of their therapists, readily assimilating whatever is suggested by the therapist as being pertinent for them.
  • Grade 5s are highly empathic. When Grade 5s are asked to probe their memories for additional details concerning a particular remembered event, they will often add information from various sources into their memories to "fill in the blanks."
  • When questioned about flaws in their stories, Grade 5s will go to great lengths to fit the imagined material logically into the ongoing narrative.
  • "When regressed Grade 5s recover apparently incongruent or impossible information, even the most extraordinary details, such as bodies materializing in thin air, are readily accepted and experienced as real. This complete immersion in what Orne (1959) has described as trance logic allows Grade 5s to accept and experience logically contradictory and mutually exclusive statements as being equally true (Spiegel, 1974; Orne, 1959; Pettinati, 1988; Laurence & Perry, 1988)."(57)

Thus if the therapist then uses aggressive and suggestive questioning they can actually create false memories in the subject. So through misuse of these techniques the therapist creates false memories that tend to reinforce the therapist's beliefs: A self fulfilling prophecy. In 1974, Spiegel warned therapists against using introspective methods of therapy with Grade 5s, stating that they will systematically transpose a therapist's request to search inwardly for answers into an active search of the therapist for cues to the correct answer. Moreover, he noted that Grade 5s' demand for the undivided attention and concern of their therapists "is often so tenacious as to feed the grandiosity strivings a therapist may have. The therapist must therefore know where he ends and the subject begins in order to avoid entrapment (Spiegel, 1974:304)."(58) I have always considered Michelle of the book Michelle Remembers to be a good example of this phenomenon.

One of the common techniques used to recover memories during hypnotic sessions is to have the patient respond non verbally, using finger signals or nods of the head. The therapist describes a ceremony or symbol and then gets a simple yes or no answer from the patient through the use of such signals. Pazder used this on his patient Michelle. You will recall that Hammond mentioned the use of these in his "Greenbaum" presentation. Often the therapist assigns each different alter or personality a finger to use. Therapists using such techniques usually insist that such techniques ensure that the responses are unconsciously and accurately given by the patient. Obviously by removing the need for the patient to speak and allowing them to simply give yes or no answers to scenarios created by the therapist, it is hardly surprising that the stories come out supporting the beliefs of the therapist and sounding similar to other stories told by other patients treated by the same therapist. Dr Mulhern states:

"Given the context of "cultified" therapy, to assert that a patient who nods when asked if she was ever taken to a place where there were people in robes chanting while they threw human body parts into a bonfire, a patient who tells of being troubled by a fragmented memory of blood, and a patient who is abreacting a violent rape while in restraints, are saying the same thing is a paranoid interpretation of the data."(59)

You have by now probably noticed that the four most common characteristics cited as "evidence" of Satanic Ritual Abuse are:

  • Emotions expressed by the person in the process of recovering memories;
  • The abundance of vivid detail and the apparently logical consistency of descriptions of abuse;
  • The apparent similarity between memories disclosed by patients who had never met; and
  • The manifestation of body memories such a spontaneous bleeding, muscle contractions, the appearance of marks on the skin, etc. prior to or during the remembering process.

We have seen that the first three categories are the most common arguments advanced by therapists who believe that the SRA stories are true. Such therapists argue that their stories sound believable and that the wealth of detail in such stories indicates that the story is true, the argument being that it would not be possible to invent so much intricate detail. Dr David Spiegel, a professor of psychiatry at Stanford University and an expert on dissociative disorders, warns us:

"The fact that the structure looks compelling- that there are all of these details- doesn't necessarily mean it is factual."(60)

Dr Sherill Mulhern warns us:

"Given the highly hypnotizable profile of MPD patients, while the first three factors may seem convincing, they emphatically do not constitute evidence. When these patients are age regressed to prior moments in their lives, they relive mental events as if they were there. Although some Grade 5s are capable of producing extraordinary body manifestations which illustrate their memories, like the bleeding hands and feet of stigmatics, these types of exhibitions do no constitute evidence of a memory's historical accuracy (Wilson, 1982; Didi-Huberman, 1982)."(61)

Thus physical manifestations such as the rashes Pazder reported to be on Michelle Pazder's neck are common symptoms exhibited by Grade 5s, and not necessarily an indication of any actual childhood abuse at all.

In 1989, George Ganaway, reviewing a cohort of 82 patients, meeting the DSM-III R criteria for dissociative disorders, whom he had treated over a two and one-half year period, stated that 66% met the diagnostic criteria for adult multiple personality disorder (MPD). In addition, he stated: "virtually all of the patients in the MPD group also met Spiegel's criteria for the Grade Five Syndrome (Ganaway, 1989;208)."(62)

Compare these experimental findings with Dr. Lawrence Pazder's justification for his belief in the reality of the cult experiences "remembered" by his patient Michelle in Michelle Remembers:

"It was a gradual turning point. Every time she entered into a new area of working, everything that she said before was totally consistent. And then, when she had completed what she had done, she was totally free of it. It had a ring of truth to it, that I said, this is not accountable from anything in the literature, except by the fact that she had been through that experience. There's no other way that I can explain it."(63)

In other words, therapists such as Dr Pazder have put little or no weight on the concerns and conclusions of these experimental researchers.

Ulric Neisser, a Psychologist at Emory University, did a study testing the ability of people to remember such minute details. One day after the 1986 Challenger space shuttle explosion, he asked 106 students to write down how, when and where they learned the news about this disaster. Three years later, he tracked down nearly half the group and asked them to describe what they remembered about it. Despite the fact that many claimed to remember it clearly, Neisser reports that "often the memories were completely wrong."(64) Therapists supporting the legends about Satanic Ritual Abuse often claim that their patients were abused as children, in some cases younger than 1 year of age. Neisser challenges this. "Under a year, a child doesn't have the mental structure to understand how events hang together. I wouldn't give you a nickel for memory in the first year of life."(65)

Memory is a complicated physiological process that is only partially understood. Howard Eisenberg, a neurosurgeon with the University of Texas Medical Branch states that "Everything we are is based on what we are taught, experience and remember. Yet there's no universally accepted theory of how memory works."(66) Mortimer Mishkin, chief of the neuropsychology laboratory of the National Institutes of Health, describes memory as "a whole cascade of processes, physiological and chemical, that sensitizes the neurons to transmit messages."(67) Neuropsychiatrist David Spiegel of Stanford University says that "We see things in a context. We select what we observe, and then we may distort that for a purpose."(68)

There are many reasons why someone might distort recollections. As psychologist Elizabeth Loftus of the University of Washington, an recognized expert in eyewitness testimony, puts it: "some of us like to see ourselves in a rosier light, that we gave more to charity than we really did, that we voted in the last election when we really didn't, that we were nicer to our kids than we really were."(69) Loftus, assisted by graduate student James Coan, conducted an experiment recently which graphically demonstrates the dangers involved. Loftus obtained details of three actual childhood events from the close relatives of her subjects as well as enough details to construct a fourth entirely fictional event about the subject getting lost as a child. Loftus later told her subjects that she was studying childhood memories and had her subjects write everything that they could remember about each of these incidents. Each of the test subjects, which included adults and children, provided details of the fictitious incident, believing that it was true since the other three were.

Steven Ceci, a psychology professor at Cornell University, conducted a similar study in which he questioned a child over a period of time. Without the use of threats, intimidation, or even aggressive questioning techniques, Ceci was able to get the child to develop an elaborate story of an event that never happened.(70)

Another classic case is that of Paul Ingram, who was convicted of ritual abuse and sent to prison in Washington State. Ingram's daughters accused him and his friends of being members of a Satanic cult group that had sexually abused them as children. Dr Richard Ofshe, a sociologist at the University of California at Berkeley, was brought into this case by the prosecutor, but ended up testifying for the defence. Dr Ofshe's investigations into this case convinced him that Ingram, who had confessed to the abuse, was the victim of False Memory Syndrome. Ofshe states:

"Ingram believed he had repressed memories of what he had done up to the moment of his arrest. I decided to run an experiment. I invented a set of facts, that one of this sons and one of his daughters told me he made them have sex so he could watch. At first he said he couldn't remember it. So I asked him to go through the steps that had helped him remember the other charges."(71)

What the psychologist and pastor concerned had done is to tell Ingram that if he could picture something, it was the beginning of a repressed memory, and if he "prayed on it" he would remember more. Using these steps Ingram convinced himself that the fictitious incident put to him by Ofshe was true.

Therapists supporting SRA theories support such an approach. Dr Frederickson's aforementioned book describes similar methods, including interpreting dreams, writing free associations in a journal and hypnosis. One technique involves letting associations bring a mental image to mind, which is then developed into an imagined scenario which is used to find clues to what happened. Another is to use hypnosis to regress a person to an earlier stage in their life. Frederickson does caution therapists to avoid leading questions while using these techniques, but many ignore her caution. Ofshe comments on such techniques:

"The therapist starts out by presupposing a search for repressed sexual abuse, and, since patients want to please therapists, that interest reinforces anything the client comes up with in that direction. Then the therapist gets the patient to actively imagine an image of abuse, saying, 'Try to picture this happening to you,' and encourages the patient to elaborate on that fantasy. Then the patient becomes convinced that it was not merely imagination, but a repressed memory of abuse."(72)

The Journal of the American Medical Association warns us that:

"The use of hypnosis by appropriately trained physicians or psychologists has been recognized as a valid therapeutic modality by the American Medical Association since 1958. NO SUCH CONSENSUS EXISTS REGARDING THE USE OF HYPNOSIS AS A MEANS TO REFRESH MEMORY."(73)

This JAMA report states that after the patient becomes hypnotized "the subject becomes increasingly responsive to the explicit and implicit suggestions of the hypnotist (or someone designated by the hypnotist). During this process, the subject is invited to suspend critical judgement and to accept rather than to question the suggestions given... The degree to which these suggestions are followed and experienced as real and involuntary indicates the extent to which hypnosis has taken place... Thus, hypnosis involves the focusing of attention; increased responsiveness to suggestions; suspension of disbelief with a lowering of critical judgement; potential for altering perception, motor control, or memory in response to suggestions; and the subjective experience of responding involuntarily."(74)

The JAMA report goes on to say that:

"Much of the more recent research on hypnotic age regression has sought to establish that the individual actually re-experienced past events and functioned both psychologically and physiologically at the age that he appeared to be reliving. Although this claim has not been supported by carefully controlled scientific studies, there is still some controversy about this matter based on single case reports."(75)

The JAMA report states that "one cannot assume, because one or another detail might have been correct, that other details that are not verified are also correct."(76) The report concludes that:

  • "...there is no scientific evidence that hypnosis increases the recall memory of nonsense syllables or other meaningless material."(77)
  • "...there is no evidence from research laboratory studies (of normal persons) that recognition memory can be enhanced by hypnosis....One field study...[indicates] that in a real life situation there is also no increase in recognition memory with hypnotized witnesses or victims of crime."(78)
  • "...hypnosis can increase the number of meaningful items remembered but also increases overall productivity; thus, hypnosis increases the number of correct and incorrect statements. Because the amount of response productivity has not been adequately controlled in any study to date, it is not possible to determine whether hypnosis causes a relaxation of the response criterion (that is, a subject accepts a less rigorous standard for what he experiences as a 'memory') which would result in an increase in the number of responses produced. There are no techniques based on the individual's report that can discriminate reliably between a true and false memory report in any specific case."(79)
  • "...that hypnosis can lead to an increment in productivity, yielding increases in both accurate and false recollections."(80)
  • "...that hypnosis can also lead to increases in false recollection and confabulation. This also occurs with victims or witnesses of crimes who suffer from traumatic amnesia or posttraumatic stress disorder."(81)
  • "...when hypnosis is used to refresh recollection, one of the following outcomes occurs: (1) hypnosis produces recollections that are not substantially different from nonhypnotic recollections; (2) it yields recollections that are more inaccurate than nonhypnotic memory; or, most frequently, (3) it results in more information being reported but these recollections contain both accurate and inaccurate details. When the third condition results, the individual is less likely to be able to discriminate between accurate and inaccurate recollections. There are no data to support a fourth alternative, namely, that hypnosis increases remembering of only accurate information.

"Contrary to what is generally believed by the public, recollections obtained during hypnosis not only fail to be more accurate but actually appear to be generally less reliable than nonhypnotic recall. Furthermore, whereas in nonhypnotic memory reports there is usually a positive relationship between the accuracy of recollections and the confidence that the subject places in those recollections, both the hypnotic procedure and hypnotizability may serve to distort this relationship. The scientific literature indicates that hypnosis can increase inaccurate response to leading questions without a change in confidence, or it can increase the subject's confidence in the memories without affecting accuracy, or it can increase errors while also falsely increasing confidence. In no study to date has there been an increase in accuracy associated with an appropriate increase in confidence in the veracity of recollections...

"...Not only is there a question about the accuracy of a subject's recollection during hypnosis, but there is also the problem that hypnosis leads to an increased vulnerability to subtle clues and implicit suggestions that may distort recollections in specific ways, depending upon what is communicated to the subject. Both the expectations of the hypnotist and the prior beliefs of the subject may determine the content of the confabulations or pseudo-memories during hypnosis. The manner in which a question is framed can influence the response and even produce a response when there is actually no memory. To the extent that a suspicion may be transformed into a vivid pseudomemory in hypnosis, there may be serious consequences to the legal process when testimony is based on material that is elicited from a witness who has been hypnotised for the purpose of refreshing recollection about the incident in is necessary to keep in mind that untrained individuals with no special knowledge of hypnosis are capable of simulating or faking hypnosis sufficiently well to deceive even experienced hypnotists. Furthermore, individuals in deep hypnosis are able to exert considerable control over their statements and may wilfully lie. Consequently, the statements made by a defendant under hypnosis may be self-serving and purposely deceptive."(82)

These warnings haven't discouraged many therapists from using some or all of these techniques to shore up their beliefs concerning SRA. Let's look at another example of a therapist who has bought into the urban legends about Satanic Ritual Abuse using these sorts of techniques: Dr Catherine Gould.

Gould became one of the most well known therapists treating alleged survivors of ritualistic abuse. Gould has been doing this since 1985. She had offices in Brentwood and Encino, California. As we have seen throughout this series, Dr Gould is widely quoted by Satanic Conspiracy supporters as an "expert" in the treatment of ritually abused children. Gould has been a speaker at ritualistic crime/Satanic crime seminars all over North America. For example Gould was one of the lectures at a Ritualistic Crime seminar put on by North American Conferences on September 21/24 1989. You will recall that North American Conferences was part of the Calvary Chapel of West Covina. Gould is a member of the "Ritual Abuse Task Force" of the "Los Angeles County Commission on Women." Other members of this Task Force include Lynn Laboriel, another therapist treating "survivors of ritualistic abuse." Lauren Stratford, whom I earlier revealed as a fraud, was Laboriel's patient. Dr Gould is also on the advisory committee of "The Ritual Abuse Awareness Network" (TRAANS), which I will discuss later in this article.

Gould was endorsed by a number of the individuals and organizations that I have discussed earlier in this series, including Exodus, the National Information Network (NIN, Dale Griffis, BADD, Dr Clifford Alford, Lieutenant Larry Jones's Cult Crime Impact Network Inc (CCIN, and the San Diego County Deputy Sheriff's Association.

Like Hammond, Gould believes that Satanic cults "program" the minds of their members with special "alters" to prevent defections or to cause the defector to become self destructive. In an article for the Journal of Psychology and Theology co-authored by Gould and another California therapist, Louis Cozolino, Gould states: "Most ritual abuse survivors have a number of alters with re-contact programming to insure that the cult's investment in an individual will pay off.(83) Gould and Cozolino identify programs to cause a patient to "re-contact" the cult, "report" regularly to the cult on details of therapy, "self injury/suicide" programs, "therapy disruption" or "scrambling" programs to derail the therapeutic process, and "satanic" programs to make the patient think that the therapist is in fact a Satanist. Gould states: "Typical therapy disruption programs include creating alters who hold the belief that the therapist is either incompetent, will abandon the patient, or is a satanist with evil designs upon the patient."(84)

Gould and Cozolino state that the Satanic cult implants subtle signals or cues in the member that they can use at a later date to trigger these supposedly hidden programs. Gould states:

"Typical signals by which an alter who was created to serve a re-contact function is called out by the cult include a series of taps delivered at the door or window (often when the individual is asleep) or over the telephone, a particular hand signal, a specific kind of touch to a certain place on the body, a name (often the alter's name), a word of phrase, or a tone or tonal sequence.

"Alters who are programmed for cult contact respond to cues by engaging in such behaviours as opening the door or window of the house to let the cult members in, or by leaving the house to meet cult members at a designated location. Other alters may be programmed to initiate contact with the cult on certain dates (such as the individual's birthday or at the full moon), by calling a specified telephone number, or by ravelling to a particular location where the individual will be met by another cult member."(85)

Reading this article by Gould and Cozolino one gets the impression that they are speaking about programming a computer, creating files for various different purposes, rather than speaking about human minds. Given that to date there has been no organization on the face of this earth that has succeeded in figuring out how to program people's minds in this fashion, it is amazing that they can claim that this mysterious Satanic conspiracy possesses such abilities. Obviously this convenient explanation allows Gould and her associates a lot of leeway, giving them the ability to explain away any problems getting the disclosures that they are looking for in therapy. Note how it also allows them to interpret attempts by the "survivor's" family to contact their son or daughter (phone calls, knocking at the door) as attempts by the "Satanists" to start up one of these alleged self destruction programs, thus isolating the patient from influences that may cause them to question their therapy. Note also how it provides a convenient explanation for patients who recant and leave therapy.

During typical training seminars which focus on alleged cult brainwashing techniques, adult patients who recover SRA memories are described as potentially active cult members, as Gould and Cozolino do here. SRA seminars provide clinicians with lists of current triggers and cues similar to Gould and Cozolino's, which have been allegedly been observed on in-patient units where many "Satanic cult victims" are treated together. Therapists are warned to be on the look out for such seemingly innocuous gifts as sea shells, colour coded flowers or numerologically significant greeting cards. Like Gould, they suggest that birthdays and the endless list of satanic holidays we saw earlier in this series are potentially pre-programmed triggers for suicide or self-mutilation. Bennett Braun and others have suggested that out-patients pose a special risk because the cult may leave recorded verbal cues on telephone answering machines.

Clinicians speak of telephone threats to themselves, of cult tinkering with their cars, and of being attacked by their patients when they inadvertently set off a trigger recently implanted by the cult to obstruct therapy. Therapists like Graham-Costain who work with children are advised to constantly change the words they use because "these folks get in there and find our what you're doing and they will take these kids, reinvolve them and use the words that your using to become triggers for pain."(86)

Sherrill Mulhern reports that:

"Clinicians working on 'cultified' hospital units warn of having to censor mail and telephone calls, of cult members planted on the unit in order to contact patients in treatment, of mysterious break-ins and of the importance of hospital security police. Units which take the satanic threat seriously report that in spite of these extraordinary efforts, patients are continually being re-contacted by the cult which triggers them to self-mutilate or attempt suicide. Significantly, at least one important psychiatric center which treats MPD patients, including those who allege cult involvement, which takes absolutely no extraordinary precautions to isolate patients, has yet to experience any satanic heckling. [emphasis in original]"(87)

Catherine Gould, like Bennett Braun and Cory Hammond, seems to base her claims solely on the disclosures of her patients. Using these stories as a basis Gould has created two ubiquitous lists of symptoms that are included in many manuals on Occult crime authored by Satanic Conspiracy myth supporters. The first one is "Symptoms Characterizing Satanic Ritual Abuse and Sexual Abuse." This list reads as follows:

"1) Preoccupation with urine and feces. Use of words for urine and feces that are not used at home (especially 'baby' words like 'poopoo').

"2) Discussion of feces or urine on the face or in the mouth. Constant discussion of urine and feces at the dinner table.

"3) Urine or feces strewn or smeared in the bathroom.

"4) Inability to toilet train a child because the child is afraid (as opposed to not ready to be toilet trained or in a power struggle with the parent). The child may reveal fears of having to eat the feces if (s)he uses the toilet.

"5) Preoccupation with passing gas. Using mouth to make gas sounds repeatedly, attempting to pass gas purposefully, wild laughter when the child or someone else passes gas. Use of words for passing gas that are not used at home.

"6) Aggressive play that has a marked sadistic quality. The child hurts others intentionally, and seems to derive pleasure from doing so. Child destroys toys.

"7) Mutilation themes predominate. Child acts out severing, sawing off, twisting or pulling off body parts. Aggressive words include cut, saw, slice, chop. Taking out eyes or removing other parts of the face and head are common themes.

"8) Harming animals, or discussion of animals being hurt or killed.

"9) Preoccupation with death. Child 'practices' being dead, asks if (s)he will die at age 6 (the Satanic number), asks whether we eat dead people. Questions are distinguishable from normal curiosity about death by their bizarre quality.

"10) Fear that there is something foreign inside the child's body- e.g., ants, ice, a bomb.

"11) Fear of going to jail, being tied up or caged. References to the police coming after the child.

"12) Fear of ghosts and monsters. Child's play frequently involves ghosts and monsters.

"13) Fear of 'bad people' taking the child away, breaking into the house, killing the child or the parents, burning the house down.

"14) Child is clingy and may resist being left with baby sitters, especially overnight.

"15) Child's level of emotional or behavioural disturbance or developmental delay seems inconsistent with the parent's level of functioning.

"16) Preoccupation with the devil, magic, potions, supernatural powers, crucifixions. Questions about these topics in families who do not believe in or discuss them are significant.

"17) Odd songs or chants by the child that are sexual or otherwise bizarre, or that have a "you better not tell" theme.

"18) Numbers or letters always written backwards (as opposed to a child who sometimes or often reverses numbers or letters). This is the 'devil's alphabet'.

"19) References to drugs, 'pills', candy, mushrooms, 'bad medicine', or injections that seem peculiar for a preschool age child. References to drug-like or diaretic (sic) affects.

"20) Constant fatigue, illness, flare-up of allergies. Vomiting.

"21) References to people at school who are not school personnel. (This is because other adults join teachers for the abusive activities.)

"22) References to 'my other daddy', 'my other mommy', or 'my other family' (meaning 'at school').

"23) References to television characters as real people. (this is because perpetrators take on names like "Barney Flintstone" so child's disclosures will be dismissed as television-inspired fantasies).

"24) References to people in scary costumes, especially monsters, ghosts, devils, dracula.

"25) References to sexual activity with other children at school.

"26) Discussion of being taken to people's houses or other locations (junkyard, church, hospital, another school) that are not normal school outings for which parents have given permission.

"27) References to pictures or films being taken at the school at times other than when school pictures would normally be taken. Peculiar descriptions or references to nudity, sexual acts, unusual costuming, or animal involvement when discussing photography at school.

"28) Marks on the child's back, unusual bruising, especially in patterns.

"29) Nightmares or dreams of any of the above."

The second list by Gould is: "Characteristics of Schools in which Satanic Ritual Abuse Occurs":

"1) It is our experience that so-called 'open' schools are as prone to Satanic ritual abuse as are closed schools. That is, being able to walk directly into the classroom does not guarantee safety. We believe that a 'watch' person alerts perpetrators that a parent is arriving, and the child is quickly produced.

"2) We have found that several of the offending schools have two-way mirrors in the classrooms. These are almost never "single perpetrator" cases. Rather, from what the children tell us, the whole school seems to be involved. Therefore, the ability to look into the classroom and see what is going on provides no deterrent.

"3) Personnel at offending schools usually do not seem obviously 'strange'. After a child discloses abuse at the school, the parent rarely thinks in retrospect that she should have suspected it based on the teacher's behaviour. Some personnel at offending schools may even be exceptionally 'solicitous' of the child's academic progress (because (s)he is being abused) the school may recommend (s)he be retained an extra year.

"4) The expense, prestige, religious or educational affiliation of a preschool seem to provide no assurance that the school is safe. Children from expensive, prestigious preschools have made extensive and detailed allegations of abuse. Similarly, children form college and university affiliated preschools have alleged abuse. Religiously affiliated preschools have also numbered among the offenders.

"5) Satanic ritual abusers tend to infiltrate preschools in clusters, by geographic area. As in the case of the South Bay, in which 7 offending preschools were identified, there is rarely a single school involved in a given area. Currently, we are aware of clusters of offending schools in the Newbury Park, Whittier, and Riverside areas.

6) It is unrealistic to believe that confronting the school with the child's allegations of abuse will produce anything other that denials that such activity is going on. The school may submit to 'investigation' by the police, which usually involves little more than 'talking to' the preschool director. Sometimes the school will threaten to sue the parents if they file a complaint."

Notice that while Gould repeatedly refers to "offending schools," even going so far as to identify Californian school districts where she considers the problem to be widespread, she does not identify any specific school. Gould gives herself away when, instead of producing facts, she makes statements such as "we believe" and "from what the children tell us," demonstrating that it is merely conjecture on the part of Gould, based on the uncorroborated disclosures of her "patients." So far as I have been able to determine, not one of her patient's disclosures has ever been verified. This being the case, I wonder how Gould can put them forward as true indicators of such activity?

(Continued... Click HERE for page 3)


Kerr Cuhulain

Location: Surrey, British Columbia


Bio: Kerr Cuhulain the author of this article, is known to the mundane world as Detective Constable Charles Ennis. Ennis, a former child abuse investigator, is the author of several articles on child abuse investigation that appeared in Law & Order Magazine. Better known to the Pagan community by his Wiccan name, Kerr Cuhulain, Ennis was the first Wiccan police officer to go public about his beliefs 28 years ago. Kerr is now the Preceptor General of Officers of Avalon. Kerr went on to write four books: The Law Enforcement Guide to Wicca (Horned Owl Publishing), Wiccan Warrior and Full Contact Magick: A Book of Shadows for the Wiccan Warrior. (Llewellyn Publications), as well as a book based on this series: Witch Hunts: Out of the Broom Closet (Spiral Publishing).

Email Kerr:

Related Websites

Other Articles: Kerr Cuhulain has posted 182 additional articles- View them?

Other Listings: To view ALL of my listings: Click HERE

Email Me... (Yes! I have opted to receive invites to Pagan events, groups, and commercial sales)

To send a private message to Kerr Cuhulain ...

Pagan Essays

Pagan Web
8,000 Links

Pagan Groups
Local Covens etc.

80,000 Profiles

Home - TWV Logos - Email US - Privacy
News and Information

Chapters: Pagan/Heathen Basics - Pagan BOOKS - Traditions, Paths & Religions - Popular Pagan Holidays - TV & Movies - Cats of the Craft - Festival Reviews - Festival Tips - White Pages (Resources) - Issues/Concerns - West Memphis 3 - Witch Hunts - Pagan Protection Tips - Healing Planet Earth

Your Voices: Adult Essays - Young Pagan Essays - Pagan Perspectives (On Hold) - WitchWars: Fire in the Craft - Gay Pagan - Pagan Parenting - Military - Pagan Passages

Pagan Music: Pagan Musicians - Bardic Circle at WitchVox - Free Music from TWV

Vox Central: About TWV - Wren: Words, Wrants and Wramblings - Guest Rants - Past Surveys - A Quest for Unity

Weekly Updates: Click HERE for an index of our weekly updates for the past 6 years

W.O.T.W. - World-Wide Networking

Your Town: A Link to YOUR Area Page (The largest listing of Witches, Pagans, Heathens and Wiccans on the Planet)

VoxLinks: The Pagan Web: 8,000 Listings

Your Witchvox Account: Log in Now - Create New Account - Request New Password - Log in Problems

Personal Listings: Pagan Clergy in Your Town - Adult Pagans - Young Pagans - Military Pagans

Events: Circles, Gatherings, Workshops & Festivals

Covens/Groups/Orgs: Local Groups Main Page

Other LOCAL Resources: Local Shops - Regional Sites - Local Notices - Global/National Notices - Local Skills & Services - Local Egroups - Political Freedom Fighters

Pagan Shopping: Online Shops Index - Original Crafters Sites - Auction Sites - Pagan Wholesalers - Pagan Local Shops

Web Site Content (including: text - graphics - html - look & feel)
Copyright 1997-2019 The Witches' Voice Inc. All rights reserved
Note: Authors & Artists retain the copyright for their work(s) on this website.
Unauthorized reproduction without prior permission is a violation of copyright laws.

Website structure, evolution and php coding by Fritz Jung on a Macintosh.

Any and all personal political opinions expressed in the public listing sections
(including, but not restricted to, personals, events, groups, shops, Wren’s Nest, etc.)
are solely those of the author(s) and do not reflect the opinion of The Witches’ Voice, Inc.
TWV is a nonprofit, nonpartisan educational organization.

The Witches' Voice carries a 501(c)(3) certificate and a Federal Tax ID.

Mail Us: The Witches' Voice Inc., P.O. Box 341018, Tampa, Florida 33694-1018 U.S.A.
Witches, Pagans
of The World