Old Teen Essays
NOTE: The essay on this page contains the writings and opinions of the listed author(s) and is not necessarily shared or endorsed by the Witches' Voice inc.
The Witches' Voice does not verify or attest to the historical accuracy contained in the content of this essay.
All WitchVox essays contain a valid email address, feel free to send your comments, thoughts or concerns directly to the listed author(s).
Article ID: 6211
Age Group: Adult
Posted: April 14th. 2003
by Kerr Cuhulain
On the page "Wicca- Satan's Little White Lie", the Madraks reproduce a "Search Warrant Checklist" from Devil on the Run which must have been inspired by Herold's list in A Basic Guide to the Occult for Law Enforcement Agencies, but is even more extensive. This "Search Warrant Checklist" includes:
"Occult games (I Ching, ouija boards, tarot cards, crystal ball, fantasy role-playing games such as Dungeons and Dragons), Ashes from fire pits, including fireplaces and wood stoves, Robes and detachable hoods, Gongs, drums and bells, Wooden stand for an altar, a marble slab or crosses, Chalice, goblet, cruet, Phallus (sculpture of the male sex organ), Heavy wooden staff, sword, knives, Small velvet pillow, scarlet in color, Bullwhip, cat o'nine tails, ligatures, Mirror, Animal, mask, possibly papier mache, Black satin or velvet glove for the right hand, Large ruby ring, worn on the first finger of the right hand, Flash powder, smoke bombs, Incense, Body paint, face paint, Metal crown with four candle holders, Ferns, palms, Human or animal bones (especially skull, long bones, finger bones), Coffin, Ritual books, black books, diaries (such as the Book of Shadows, which may be handwritten), Medallions with satanic symbols, Occult jewelry, Small animals in cages, Graph paper for fantasy games, Oddly shaped dice, Horror masks and costumes, Crystals, Small metal figurines of mythological nature, Posters of mythological beings, animals, half-animals, Nightmarish posters, Sexual, particularly sado-masochistic, posters, Posters of heavy metal and punk rock stars, Paraphernalia related to the martial arts - such as ninja costumes and throwing stars."
With a list like this the investigator can turn anyone into a "dangerous occultist".
Another resource that the Madrak's draw on heavily is the book Occult ABC: Exposing Occult Practices and Ideologies by Kurt E. Koch, published by Kregel Publications. We find this summarized on the "Exposing Caribbean Witchcraft" web page, starting with the listing "Black Mass" which reads: "In Haiti, the high priest drinks the blood of children at the annual festival. In the Macumba groups in Brazil, the same thing is done at the initiation of a Mae de Santo (cult mother)." Their reference to Haiti indicates that they are speaking of Vodou here. Macumba is a Brazilian mixture of magic, Spiritism, Kongo magic and Angolan mythology, brought over from Africa with the slaves. It is divided into two variants: Umbanda ("white magic") and Quimbanda ("black magic"). Followers of Vodou and Macumba do not drink the blood of children.
This is followed by a section with the title "Queen of Darkness - Queen of Black Witches" which is reminiscent of the titles claimed by several of the supposed "Witch Queens" that I examined back in chapter 6. In this section the Madraks state:
"The leaders of this cult still practice child sacrifice, and occasionally even sacrifice adults, in connection with cannibalism. There are cult mothers of the spiritist Macumba cult. Haiti is the home of voodoo, a mixture of black magic and criminal spiritism. Here a Queen of Darkness is chosen each year, one of whose duties is to perform the fourteen-day child sacrifice. Practices of the Queens include devil worship, high priestesses, black witches, exhuming fresh graves, Satanists, insanity, dancing in the nude, sex orgies, lesbianism, homosexuality, sadistic and masochistic excesses, levitation, killing birds in flight, making objects appear and disappear, apport or demonstration of powers, and walking through a great bonfire. (New Orleans has a Queen of Black Witches.) Vampires (Do you think vampirism is going on today?) Vampirism is practiced by Satanists and those who have sold themselves to the Devil with their blood, by the Macumba people, and by those who practice voodoo. These people torture their fellow humans, especially children, sucking their blood or drinking it as part of a ritual, or in the celebration of the black mass. This includes spiritism, demon cult, and demon marriage with incubus or succuba."
This is almost identical to the hysterical Inquisitional folklore that they gave us about Satanic practices earlier, presented under the title "Voodoo" or "Macumba" with a little Vampire stuff of the Anne Rice variety thrown in.
Following this we are presented once again with a couple of urban legends that we have already encountered:
"Roman Catholic Church: Many witches have sought out the Roman priesthood as part of their magical development. Totally Pagan magical religions like Voodoo, Macumba and Santeria can effortlessly blend African gods and goddesses like Erzulie within Catholic devotions to Mary."
NOTE: It was Bill Schnoebelen who sought out the Catholic priesthood as part of his "development." You can see how this has now been turned into an assumption that all Witches engage in this practice, which is not true.
"Rock Music: Many of the Rock giants of the past have acknowledged the influence of voodoo..., juju and Obeah (African magic) in their music."
NOTE: Here the Madraks and Koch have taken the myths about the Satanic influence of Rock music that we saw in chapter 2 and combined it with their fears about Afro-Caribbean religions.
The Madraks have an entire web page dedicated to Koch's Occult ABC, bearing the same title as the book, which offers us the following definitions:
"Blood Pacts: A person takes a piece of paper, scratches his finger until it bleeds, and then signs himself over to the Devil."
NOTE: This is the same myth about registers of names signed in blood that we found our supposed "survivors" using earlier in my book.
"Satan Worship: In the Bible and in the history of religions, Satan worship is often identified with the snake cult. The snake was called Nehustan, and was used by the Israelites some four to five hundred years after the time of Moses for magic and idolatry. It has been said of the Knights Templar that they were the founders of a regular Church of Satan. In the circles of the Templars, the black mass was celebrated. On the altar they had a naked woman. They mixed the communion wine with the blood of a slaughtered child. This included sorcery, ungodliness, plundering churches, desecrating the sacraments and crucifixes, shedding innocent blood, killing, sexual orgies, and occult arts. Druids were highly renowned for their knowledge of astronomy; they practiced human and animal sacrifice in order to reconcile sinful man to God."
NOTE: Here is that supposed Satanic connection to the Knights Templar that we saw Westhoelter using back in chapter 7 with the usual nonsense about sacrifice and orgies. Note how they've thrown in the Druids as an afterthought: We saw Sanguinet and others babbling about Druids back in chapter 5. Druid ceremonies had nothing to do with reconciliation with Jehovah: The Christian God wasn't a part of the Celtic pantheon of deities that the Druids recognized. Nehustan is a name derived from the Hebrew term nechoseth ("a piece of brass"). Nehustan is a brazen serpent mentioned in the Bible in 2 Kings 18:4 ("He removed the high places, and brake the images, and cut down the groves, and brake in pieces the brasen serpent that Moses had made: for unto those days the children of Israel did burn incense to it: and he called it Nehustan").
"Halloween was a sacred day: In Nigeria there is the cobra cult. The members have to sign themselves over to the Devil, and then they receive power over all snakes, not just one sort. Christians handling snakes are merely the expression of a religious fanaticism and a false interpretation of the Bible. This includes, upside down cross, spiritism, occult, Satanic cults, and magic."
NOTE: You see how these people are taking the urban legends about Halloween that we saw earlier and trying to link it to Nigerian (Yoruban) spirituality (which is the source of Santeria) and Charismatic Christians through the previous trivia about Nehustan. Halloween isn't part of the Yoruban ritual calendar.
"Sixth and Seventh Book of Moses: The sorcerers of the middle ages only chose Moses as their patron saint, because he outdid the ancient Egyptian sorcerers by the power of God. This includes magic spells, and how to kill small animals by magical power."
NOTE: Back in chapter 7 Mary Ann Herold mentioned "lost books of Moses". This is one of the bogus "lost books" that I told you about.
Another major resource for the Madrak's Demonbusters web site is the aforementioned Deliverance Manual by Gene and Earline Moody, whose Deliverance Ministries are based in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. This introduces us to yet more lengthy lists of "Occult Practices" which includes all of the practices, world religions and symbols that we've seen on earlier lists of this type and which includes surprising entries such as :
NOTE: This is another one of those items that would allow an investigator to accuse virtually anyone of being involved in "occultism". A lot of Christians have pierced ears.
NOTE: Snooker and billiards Satanic?
"Smoking and Chewing Tobacco, Dipping Snuff"
NOTE: So, according to this, smoking doesn't just cause cancer, it's Satanic.
"Drinking Alcoholic Beverages"
NOTE: This takes the expression "demon rum" to a new level.
NOTE: Does this make the Colorado Bureau of Investigation's Questioned Documents Examiner's Occult Guide that we saw in chapter 9 Satanic?
NOTE: This is the urban legend about poisoning that we saw in the works of Rebecca Brown again.
"Gene / Chromosome Damage"
NOTE: Since the Madraks and the Moodys offer nothing to explain this entry on their list, it is hard to tell whether they mean that people with such damage are Satanists or whether they mean that such damage is caused by occultism.
"Drug / Pharmakia, LSD"
NOTE: More of the "drugs are Satanic" hysteria.
NOTE: Now it seems that puzzles that challenge the mind are Satanic.
"Bingo Gambling, Playing Cards, Gambling"
NOTE: So all of those churches that use Bingo to raise funds are Satanic?
NOTE: We saw the Madraks referring to demonic UFOs earlier. If you think that this entry is weird, wait until you see what's coming. I'll be showing you some other surprising stuff about UFOs on their site: Saucers of the Illuminati.
NOTE: They don't specify any particular type of dolls here, just "dolls". This is another of those items that could be used as a catch-all to incriminate anyone you want to.
NOTE: Interesting item, given that the examples of hysterical nonsense that I've given you are exactly this. Perhaps the Madraks should henceforth classify themselves as occultists?
"Jesus Rock & Roll, ...Rappings"
NOTE: I could have sworn that it was Rap, not Rappings. This is the anti rock (including Christian rock) message of Godwin that we saw in chapter 2.
NOTE: We'll see a lot more nonsense about this subject in chapter 18.
"Walt Disney,... Tolkien"
NOTE: Presumably Walt has been added to the list because he produces fantasy. Tolkien is, of course, author of the classic Lord of the Rings trilogy.
This, in turn, is followed by a list of "Cults" resembling the sort of lists of "anything-other-than-what-I-believe-in" that you will find later in chapter 16. This is followed by another list of "Related Demons" of the sort we saw earlier on this site. You'll be interested to learn that according to the Madraks the following things are "demons":
NOTE: It is not surprising to find this on the list after the "Vampire" stuff we saw earlier.
NOTE: Alright, I have to admit that I don't like Country and Western music, but Satanic?
NOTE: A contradiction, since the Madrak's advertise their Demonbusters web site as a free self-help study site ("no fees, no books, no homework").
NOTE: This links to the earlier listing about "fantasy". According to the Madraks, imagination is not allowed.
"Bankruptcy, Poorness, Lack, Loss, Need... Poverty"
NOTE: It appears that poverty is not allowed either. Evidently poor people are to be considered demonic.
NOTE: More of that "rock causes Satanism" drivel.
NOTE: It is hard to imagine a less "occultic" organization than Boy Scouts and Girl Guides, though in recent times several occult oriented scouting organizations such as The Order of the Arrow and the Spiral Scouts have started up.
NOTE: An interesting "demon", given the confusion that reigns in the literature of people like this.
NOTE: Evidently we are supposed to consider people suffering from Alzeimer's as occultic too.
NOTE: This gives the expression "failure is not an option" a whole new meaning, doesn't it?
NOTE: This is that common Christian line about the duty to have children taken to a whole new level.
This amazing list is followed by an even stranger list: "Demon Associated With Different Organizations" repeating the same themes:
"Education - parapsychology, Dungeons and Dragons, folklore, mythology.
"Entertainment - rock music, lewd or occult movies or TV.
"Lodges - origins in witchcraft - Masons, Demolay, Eastern Star, Jobs Daughters.
"Religions - Protestant, Catholic, Cults (World Council of Churches).
"Recreations - games with demonic influence.
"Travel - soul travel, astral projection.
"Home Life - mind control, Jezebel and Ahab.
"Business - witchcraft promises promotions, forecasts based on astrology readings, sales power (soul power) pyramid power.
"Law Enforcement - using psychics and hypnosis."
The last two items on this list indicate the sort of paranoia about psychiatry and medicine that some mentally ill people who are non-compliant with their medications exhibit:
"Psychiatry - almost 100% using some form of witchcraft.
"Medicine - Hippocratic oath, sorcery, tranquilizers, pain pills."
This once again makes me wonder if we are dealing with a paranoid schizophrenic here. Other clues include the following statements on a page with the title "Depth of Satan" where the Madrak's state:
"MENTAL ILLNESS AND PHYSICAL DISEASE: Many types of mental illnesses and physical diseases have spiritual roots. This means that there are sins of the ancestors or individual sins in our lives that are causing the problems. Once the sin is dealt with before God and deliverance then takes place, pray for healing."
NOTE: Religious preoccupation like this is common in some varieties of mental illness. You find people trying to avoid their medications by trying to heal themselves with prayer.
"DRUGS AND MEDICINES: If a Christian is taking drugs to control the soul (mind, will and emotions), then that person needs deliverance. You are camouflaging what the demons are doing to you. Taking medicines for healing of diseases is alright. However, deliverance and healing of diseases by Jesus Christ is better.
"ADDICTIONS: Any substance that controls your mind or that you become addicted to is a doorway for demons. This could include street and pharmaceutical drugs, alcohol, and food and drink."
NOTE: Another indication of their aversion to psychiatric medications. It is interesting that they have included food and drink here. Since they have listed alcohol separately, the drinks they refer to must be non-alcoholic beverages. We could make an argument that eating disorders are addictions but suggesting that such common place (and vital) things in our life are doorways for demons is rather extreme.
"P E R S O N A L I T I E S SOUL TIES AND DEMONIC HOLDS: Our soul can become fragmented with parts of other peoples souls. This could be by sex or witchcraft. We can have various types of demonic holds connected to our bodies.
"MULTIPLE PERSONALITIES: Demons that come from ancestral and individual sins cause multiple personalities. These include multiple personality disorders and fragmented personalities which include a wide variety of demons that control our lives."
NOTE: This is a variation on the sort of thing that we heard from various therapists in chapter 11.
Another resource used by the Madraks are the books Spiritual Warfare Training Manual and Deliverance From Voodoo And African Curses by Ivory Hopkins of the Pilgrim Ministry of Deliverance, based in Harbeson, Delaware. Their summary of the information in Deliverance From Voodoo And African Curses starts with the remark:
"Many black people have been involved with voodoo, root workers and doctors, conjure men, and Haitian, African and Black Southern Witchcraft. They do not know about psychic, mystic or hypnotism, but do know about roots. Roots is African Witchcraft brought to America during the slave- trading years. There can be a demonic mixture in the Black churches that came in through a revival of African Witchcraft sometimes under the disguise of Christianity."
What the Madraks seem to be referring to here is the "root doctors" of the Gullah people of coastal South Carolina and Georgia, who practice an African-American form of "witchcraft", often referred to as "hoodoo". Hopkins then goes off into a description of what she calls "root working", in which she rants about the occult significance of crossroads, the use of graveyard dirt in Vodou magic, the aforementioned 6th and 7th Lost Books of Moses and the book Secrets of Albertus Magnus. The 6th and 7th Lost Books of Moses and the Secrets of Albertus Magnus are important to practitioners of Hoodoo.
First of all crossroads are significant in several mythological systems. The crossroads were considered to be territory that belonged to no one. It was a place outside the borders of town and village. For this reason it was often considered to be a suitable place to perform magick. It was at crossroads that one found priapic marker stones for the god Hermes. In Roman mythology Mercury was the guardian of the crossroads. In India the god Bhairava was said to guard the crossroads and stone phalluses and statues of his eye were erected in such places. In Africa one can find guardians of the cross roads in every cultural group. These deities include Legba, Ellegua, Elegbara, Eshu, Exu, Nbumba Nzila, and Pomba Gira. Such African deities not only guard the crossroads but also open the way and teach wisdom.
In Hoodoo there are several practices connected to crossroads:
Remnants of rituals such as candle wax drippings, incense ashes, dirt from footprints, or ritual bathwater are disposed at the crossroads. One is supposed to throw it into the intersection and then walk away without looking back.
Spells to draw persons together often involve leaving ritual artifacts at crossroads between the houses of the two. Likewise, artifacts may be left at the crossroads between the home of a person and the residence on one that this person wants to keep away.
Rituals may be conducted at a crossroads to help a person learn a skill.
Saint Albertus Magnus ("Albert the Great") was a scientist, philosopher, and theologian (c. 1206- 1280). He was given the title "the Great" or "Doctor Universalis" ("Universal Doctor") due to his extensive knowledge. He was considered to be an expert in every branch of learning cultivated in his day. He was a Dominican who was beatified by Pope Gregory XV in 1622, being canonized in 1932. The first edition of his complete works, Opera Omnia, was published in 1651.
You will recall that back in chapter three I told you about the philosopher Henry Cornelius Agrippa and the books of magic which people falsely attributed to him. The same thing has happened in the case of Albertus Magnus. For example, Magnus is purported to be the author of treatises on alchemy (De Alchimia) and astronomy (Speculum Astronomicum).
Hopkins also tells us that in Vodou they worship "the serpent god, Python" with whom the priest and priestess communicated. She says that the main feature of "New Orleans voodoo" is "the worship of the serpent and Zombie." This is another misunderstanding concerning the use of the term zombie in Vodou in reference to a Lwa (or Loa) who is spirit of the snake generally and pythons specifically. This deity isn't known as Python, and actually there are two serpent Gods in Vodou.
The proper name for the first is Damballah Wedo (variations: Danbhalah Wedo Ye-H-we, Danbhalah We-Do, Danhbahlah Houe-Do or Danbhalah). Damballah is the sacred serpent Lwa of the sky in Vodou. Damballah held the world in his mouth protectively as it was born. Vodou practitioners believe that Damballah Wedo is the highest spirit that they can interact with between them and Bondye, the Creator God. He is considered to be very pure and good. Being a serpent deity, Damballah never speaks, communicating by hissing instead. In the Pethro or Petwo rite of Vodou, Damballah's voice is heard in the ritual whistle or in the flames of the fire. Damballah is one of the two serpents represented in the spiral design on the center post or Poteau-Mitan of the Vodou temple or Peristyle, the other serpent being the Lwa Aida We-do.
Ai-da We-do (Variations: Ayida Wedo, Aida Wedo) is the other serpent represented in the spiral design on the center post or poteau-mitan of the Vodou temple (Peristyle). Ai-da We-do is one of the Dahomey Wedo Lwas of the Rada Rites and is considered in many Vodou traditions to be the wife of Damballah Wedo. Ai-da We-do is believed to possess all knowledge.
Hopkins claims that "The spirit of Li Grand Zombi, and the Python spirit are ruling spirits that guard and over shadow the faithful voodoo Worshipers." Li Grand Zombi was the name of the python of Madame Marie Laveau, the famous Vodou Queen of New Orleans, not the name of a Vodou deity, though I've seen some people in recent times use this snake's name as another name for Danbhalah. Later on Hopkins confirms that she has no idea who Danbhalah really is when she describes him as "Damballah - Ruler of Thunder or Saint Patrick". Damballah doesn't rule Saint Patrick, though in Vodou the image of Saint Patrick is sometimes used to represent Damballah, as is the image of Moses.
Hopkins says that "the word Magnam is associated with voodoo" but is unable to tell us what the significance of this word is. None of the Vodou practitioners that I consulted with were familiar with it.
"A red ribbon was worn about the neck in honor of Monsieur Agoussou," Hopkins tells us, " the demon upon whom the practitioners called on regarding matters of love. The demon especially loved the color red. This is Love Voodoo." I've already told you that the two serpent deities are Aida-Wedo and Damballah. Agoussou is a city in French Guiana. Possibly this is meant to be Agasou (Variation: Agassou), a rather obsure Lwa. Agasou is one of the ancestral founders of the Ewe-Dahomen Vodou tradition. In Dahomey, Agasou is considered to be a Nesouswe (i.e: the product of a divine being (a leopard, the spirit Kpo), and a human (Princess Aligbono, daughter of the King of Tado)). Agasou was the king who founded the Dahomean Empire. In death, he was elevated to the status of divine royal ancestor. Thus, the leopard became the totem of the royal house of Old Dahomey. In Haiti, Agasou is considered to be a "white" Lwa who lives in the sea and is known as the lieutenant of Agwe. Oral tradition states that it was Aida Wedo (the wife of Danbhalah) who asked Agasou to bring the Vodou across the waters to the children of Guinea in Haiti. He was assisted by a crab, which became a totem of the lineage itself. This is why many Vodou followers associate the crab with Agasou, and also why today, the crab is taboo to eat for many of the children of Guinea. Agasou is the Lwa who is the patron of the home, family, and Lwa-lines (i.e. lineage). He is the inseparable companion of the Lwa Silibo Vavou, another founder of a lineage and also said to be his wife. Agasou's colors are white, gold/golden yellow, tan, or brown. His day of the week is Thursday, and his feast day is celebrated on August 25th. He is often represented with an image of St. Louis IX, King of France.
Given the spelling of the term used by Hopkins, I also wondered if she was confusing Agasou with the term Agouessan, a cloth band that is passed over one shoulder and knotted at the opposite hip, worn by Voodoo celebrants.
The Madraks then give us "bacchanalian" description of a Vodou ceremony which is more of the same nonsense about Vodou that we have already seen. This is followed by a section with the title of Hopkins's book: "Deliverance From Voodoo and African Curses". In it the Madraks have a list with the title "Stateside Creole Voodoo Spirits". Most of the names on this list aren't spirits at all, underlining their ignorance of Afro-Caribbean religion. The list includes:
"Banda" Elsewhere the Madraks define this as "Banda Spirit - Dance Spirit".
NOTE: Banda is the name of a dance, not a spirit. Banda originated in Africa or Martinique. The Lwas known as the Guede are supposed to be fond of the Banda.
NOTE: Assator (Variations: Assoto, Assato) is one of the Rada Lwas of Voodoo, and is a Lwa common to all Vodou rites. What you wouldn't know from the Madraks's list is that it is also the name for the largest of the drums used in Vodou, approximately six feet high and made of special woods. The Assator is believed to have limitless power. It is meant to be played only by those possessed by the Lwas. Assato drums are relatively rare.
NOTE: The Asson or Acon isn't a spirit: It is the sacred calabash rattle that is the symbol of the office of Houn'gan or Mambo (priest or priestess) in Vodou. Its ritual name is the "koheleth-a-dam". It is traditionally made of a calabash taken from the calebassier courant tree, the reposoir of the Lwa Danbhalah Wedo. This rattle is filled with sacred stones and the vertebrae of snakes. It is surrounded with a network of porcelain beads of various colors. It represents the rattle of the rattlesnake ("couleuvre-a-clochette").
"Batterie Maconnique" Elsewhere the Madraks list this as "Baterie [sic] Maconnique - Spirits in the drum beat that calls them into a person".
NOTE: The Batterie Maconnique isn't a spirit either. It is a special rhythm, produced by the clapping of hands and the beating of drums, which symbolizes knocking on the door of the realm of the Lwas.
"Cambe, Kembe" Elsewhere Hopkins lists this as "Cama Kembe - Pain Spirit".
NOTE: This isn't a spirit either. Cambe or Kembe is a Creole term meaning to be seized or to be caught. It is used in Vodou to denote a pain or illness caused by an angry Lwa.
NOTE: Charge isn't a Vodou spirit. Charge is the magickal energy used to accomplish supernormal feats.
NOTE: Chauffer is a French or Creole word meaning "to heat". It is used in Vodou to describe the practice of burning rum in zins to energize or encourage the spirits or Lwa. A zin (full name Ouanzin) is an iron or clay pot used for cooking in rituals. They are usually reserved for either the living (Zins Vivants) or the dead (Zins Morts). They sit upon an iron tripod called the Pieds-Zin or Poteaux Zins. Those used for the Nago rites are iron, the rest are clay.
"Chev Al Ch'wl [sic]"
NOTE: Cheval (also known as a Ch'wl in Vodou) is a French term meaning "horse". A participant in a Vodou ritual who becomes possessed by a Lwa is called a "cheval", as the Lwa is said to "ride" the person, making this person the "horse" of the Lwa. Later on the Madraks indicate that they are aware that this isn't a spirit (though proving that they are unaware of the spelling) with the definition "Cev Al Ch'wl - Voodoo Possession".
"Colliel [sic]" Elsewhere the Madraks define this as "Colliel - Voodoo Necklace".
NOTE: This is obviously a misspelling of the term "collier", also know as a kolye in Vodou. A Collier or Kolye is a badge of the Priesthood in Vodou. They are very long and wrapped around the upper body. They are rarely seen as Vodou practitioners do not normally wear them in public. One strand indicates a Mambo or Houngan Si Pwen (or Sou Pwen) which means "on the point", referring to authority vested on the point of their Met Tet or main spirit. Two strands designates the Asogwe, which is the highest ranking of Mambo or Houngan. A similar term in Santeria is collares, which also indicate rank. The difference is that in Santeria the collares are worn openly. Once again, if Hopkins is aware that this is a necklace and not a spirit, what is it doing on this list?
(Continued... Go to Part IV)
| ABOUT... |
Location: Surrey, British Columbia
Bio: Kerr Cuhulain the author of this article, is known to the mundane world as Detective Constable Charles Ennis. Ennis, a former child abuse investigator, is the author of several articles on child abuse investigation that appeared in Law & Order Magazine. Better known to the Pagan community by his Wiccan name, Kerr Cuhulain, Ennis was the first Wiccan police officer to go public about his beliefs 28 years ago. Kerr is now the Preceptor General of Officers of Avalon. Kerr went on to write four books: The Law Enforcement Guide to Wicca (Horned Owl Publishing), Wiccan Warrior and Full Contact Magick: A Book of Shadows for the Wiccan Warrior. (Llewellyn Publications), as well as a book based on this series: Witch Hunts: Out of the Broom Closet (Spiral Publishing).
Email Kerr: firstname.lastname@example.org
Other Articles: Kerr Cuhulain has posted 182 additional articles- View them?
Other Listings: To view ALL of my listings: Click HERE
Email Me... (Yes! I have opted to receive invites to Pagan events, groups, and commercial sales)
Web Site Content (including: text - graphics - html - look & feel)
Copyright 1997-2015 The Witches' Voice Inc. All rights reserved
Note: Authors & Artists retain the copyright for their work(s) on this website.
Unauthorized reproduction without prior permission is a violation of copyright laws.
Website structure, evolution and php coding by Fritz Jung on a Macintosh G5.
Any and all personal political opinions expressed in the public listing sections (including, but not restricted to, personals, events, groups, shops, Wren’s Nest, etc.) are solely those of the author(s) and do not reflect the opinion of The Witches’ Voice, Inc. TWV is a nonprofit, nonpartisan educational organization.
Sponsorship: Visit the Witches' Voice Sponsor Page for info on how you
can help support this Community Resource. Donations ARE Tax Deductible.
The Witches' Voice carries a 501(c)(3) certificate and a Federal Tax ID.
Mail Us: The Witches' Voice Inc., P.O. Box 341018, Tampa, Florida 33694-1018 U.S.A.
of The World