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Article Specs

VxAcct: 230739

Article ID: 8612

Section: whs

Age Group: Adult

Posted: July 17th. 2004

Views: 22628

Demons (H-L)

by Kerr Cuhulain

Hermes:

Under the caption "Demons and Characteristics", Madrak lists "Hermes"[72] on his Demonbusters web site. Hermes was the Greek messenger of the Gods, God of intellect, communication, commerce and travel, cognate with the Roman God Mercury. He was the son of the God Zeus and the Pleiad Maia. His symbols were the winged helmet, winged sandals and the Caduceus. Hermes was said to have been the first to communicate divine knowledge to humans. As Hermes was the psychopompos, escorting the souls of the dead to the afterlife, some people have associated him with Satanism. Another reason for this connection is that some fundamentalists have noticed that Hermes is mentioned in Crowley's "Comment on Liber VII in class E" in Liber VII: Liber Liberi vel Lapidis Lazuli, Advmbratio Kabbalae Aegyptiorum Svb Figvra VII.

Another Greek term that you will encounter is Hermes Trismegistus ("Hermes the thrice greatest"). Both Hermes and the Egyptian God Thoth, God of magic and wisdom, have been awarded this title. Thoth is often equated with Hermes by the Greeks and in magickal texts. It is also a title given to Moses in such texts. Hermes Trismegistus was reputed to be the founder of alchemy and other occult sciences: This is why the occult sciences are referred to as "Hermetic". This is probably another reason for the fundamentalists to associate him with Satanism.

Horim:

Horim is listed as a demon on the Demonbusters web site in the section "Learn About The Real Enemy- Satan and his Followers- Names of Satan and His Demons".[73] The closest term that I can find anywhere that sounds like this is Horem, a fortification in the territory of the tribe of the Naphtali found in Joshua 19:38.

Horned God:

In Satanism: The Not So New Problem, Rapachi defines the Horned God as "Symbol of male sexuality in witchcraft. Part man, part goat".[74] Rapacki defines the term "Goat's Head" elsewhere in his manual as: "Symbolic of Satan universally".[75] In Mystery Mark of the New Age, Texe Marrs, claims that "...painted on the Gate of Ishtar [in ancient Babylon] was the bull, the sign of the King of Babylon who was the supreme man-god of the Babylonian religion. The horns of the bull later were attributed to the form of Satan...[76]

While the image of Satan as a creature who is part man, part goat is part of the later Christian mythos, the "Horned God" of Wicca is not the Devil. Originally Satan was a serpent or a dragon with reptilian features. The Church later remade Satan in the image of the many horned Gods to turn the people away from their beloved nature Gods. The Christians merely turned the old God into a bogey man to frighten the masses and motivate them into joining the church.

As I mentioned earlier, the Horned God recognized by most Wiccan covens seems to be Cernunnos, the Celtic God of nature.

Hymenaeus:

"Hymaneus [sic]" is listed as a demon on the Demonbusters web site under the section "Learn About The Real Enemy- Satan and his Followers- Names of Satan and His Demons".[77] The proper spelling is Hymenaeus. This is a Greek term meaning "false teacher" that one finds in 1 Timothy 1:20 and 2 Timothy 2:17. I suppose the translation of the term gives us a clue as to why the Madrak's included it on this list, although you won't find it on any classical list of demons.

Isis:

In Jack Chick's Battle Cry newsletter he states that "1 Corinthians 10 tells us that behind every idol is a devil (demon). As Bible believers we can only heartily agree that behind Isis and the 'Virgin Mary' is the 'same great soul'-but that soul is one of the supreme demonic impostors in Lucifer's hierarchy."[78]

Isis is the Greek version of the name of the Egyptian Goddess Aset ("throne" or "seat"). Isis/Aset was the daughter of the Earth God Geb and Sky Goddess Nut. She married one of her brothers, Osiris. Her envious brother Set murdered Osiris and Isis retrieved Osiris's body from the Nile. Set stole the body and cut it into fourteen pieces, but Isis was able to get all of the pieces but one (his phallus) back and reconstituted Osiris's body, magically restoring his phallus and his life. The story of Osiris's death and resurrection is a similar if earlier version of the story of the death and resurrection of Christ. This is why some people see a parallel between the Virgin Mary and Isis.

Isis was a very popular Goddess in various parts of the ancient world. In his Metamorphoses, Apuleius declared Isis, his favorite Goddess, to be the embodiment of all other Goddesses. Quite a few Pagans in the modern world share this belief and as a result Isis appears in many places. In Crowley's Liber 0, Isis is a name used in the Lesser Ritual of the Hexagram. In Crowley's Liber Aervm Vel Saecvli Isis is a name used in the cry of the aethyrs Maz and Lit. Isis is a name which appears on the Pantacle of Frater V.I.O. in Crowley's Liber CLXV. Isis is mentioned in Crowley's Liber VII: Liber Liberi vel Lapidis Lazuli, Advmbratio Kabbalae Aegyptiorum Svb Figvra VII. Isis is a Goddess that appears in many of the rituals of the magickal system of the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn: The Ritual of the Rose Cross, the intitiation of the Practicus, Philosophus, Adeptus Major and Adeptus Minor Grades, the Consecration Ceremony of the Vault of the Adepti, and the Rosicrucian Ritual of the Relation Between Chess and Tarot. The Golden Dawn also associates Isis with the Kerub of Air of the Stations of the Kerubim, the Stations of Isis, Nephthys and Aroueris, the office of Praemonstrator in the Initiation of the Neophyte Grade, and considered to be one of their Pyramid Gods. In Milton's Paradise Lost, Isis is one of the fallen angels. This last example is what might have given Chick the idea that Isis is a demon. Then again, Chick thinks a lot of things are demons.

Jezebel:

Jezebel seems to be one of the Madraks's pet peeves on their Demonbuster's web site. She is listed as a demon in the "Learn About The Real Enemy- Satan and his Followers- Names of Satan and His Demons" page of the Demonbusters web site.[79] In In the film Massacre of Innocence, Eric Holmberg quotes from the first book of Kings and links Jezebel to Baal and Astaroth "the demons of child sacrifice." Later in the film Holmberg advocates spiritual warfare against anyone representing women's rights: "God's command is that we repent of her deeds and drive Jezebel out of the Church and from our nation. Just as Jezebel was Elijah's greatest challenge, we too must confront and defeat the forces of Witchcraft that have manifested through abortion. And just as Elijah was almost defeated by Jezebel and John was killed by the witchcraft of Herod's wife, we must also realize that this battle is a deadly one. There can be no victory without the radical commitment to fight." With people like Holmberg exhorting their followers to commence a Holy War or Jihad, is it any wonder that some Christian extremists have been shooting doctors at abortion clinics?

Jezebel was the daughter of Ethbaal, a Zidonian, and wife of Ahab (1 Kings 16:31), not a demon. The reason that her name is on this list (and all over the Madrak's web site) is probably because the Bible tells us that she was an idolatress who persecuted the prophets of God (1 Kings 18:4,13,19; 2 Kings 3:2,13; 9:7,22) which fits into the anti-feminist agenda of the Madraks.

Kachinas:

"Indian Kachina" are listed under "Demons and Characteristics" on the Demonbusters web site under the section, "Forbidden Practices of the Occult". [80] The Indians referred to here are the Hopi and other Pueblo tribes. The Kachina are nature spirits of the rain, sun, crops and animals. Kachina dolls are a very common sight in the Mid-Western US. Obviously the Madraks don't approve of Native American beliefs.

Kali:

In Satanism: The Not So New Problem, Rapacki lists Kali in his list of "Definitions of Satanic Terms".[81] Kali is also listed as a demon on Madrak's Demonbusters web site".[82] Kali is the Hindu, Nepalese and Tibetian Goddess Kali Ma. Kali, whose name means "black mother", presides over destruction and creation. She was not originally part of any Satanic pantheon. Rapacki and others may have gotten this idea from Anton LaVey's Satanic Bible, which lists Kali as one of the Infernal names.

Lauma:

In the San Diego County Sheriff's Association's Gangs, Groups, Cults: An Informational Aid to Understanding, "lauma" is defined as "a fairy who lived in the forest near water or stones."[83] The SDCSA manual continues: "By the middle ages, lauma came to mean one who could bewitch a person; lauminet meant 'to practice witchcraft'."[84]

This appears to be a misspelling of the Lithuanian term Laume. Laumes (plural) were considered to be demi-goddesses and fairies in Baltic countries, similar to the Celtic Sidhe. An older name for them is Deives. They were described as women of exceptional beauty, usually naked, with long hair. They were said to help poor girls to get dowries help poor boys to find their loves, and help women in childbirth. They were believed to strangle babies abandoned by wealthy women and give gifts to unwanted children of poor families. Laima was a Baltic Goddess who seems to have been a counterpart of the Greek Moirae or the Teutonic Norns. She decided the fate of humans and gave prosperity. The Lithuanian word for luck is "laime". Stones shaped like pillars in the Baltic are referred to as "Laimas" or "Goddess stones" and were revered as sacred. It was believed that under these stones the water of life could be found. As Laima was a Goddess of the hearth and home, such stones were placed in graineries to honor her. This is probably where Hartley got the idea that Laumes hang around stones. People from the Baltics are the only persons likely to know this. This obscure and misspelled piece of information is not likely to be very useful to investigators.

Leviathan:

Madrak lists "Leviathan" twice in his Demonbusters web site.[85] Mitchell lists Leviathan in Hidden Practices in a list where he defines the pentagram: "In Satanism the Pentagram is inverted to accommodate the head of the goat, also to deny the Holy Trinity. The Hebraic figures around the outer circle of the symbol spell out 'Leviathan', meaning the serpent of the watery abyss and identified with Satan. The symbol is placed on the wall above the altar."[86]

What Mitchell is describing here is the symbol of Anton LaVey's church of Satan. There is no illustration or drawing accompanying this definition. However, the cover of Hidden Practices depicts an inverted pentagram with a goat's head superimposed upon it, surrounded by four other symbols (inverted crucifix, "666", an anarchy symbol, and a peculiar symbol labeled "symbol of a sexual ritual") and two names: Natas (Satan spelled backwards) and Beelzebub. There are no Hebraic characters in it. An article from the Fayetteville Observer[87], which Mitchell includes later in the manual, explains where this diagram came from. The diagram was found in a clearing in the woods at a Girl Scout's Camp at Carver's Falls, North Carolina, and was apparently examined by Mitchell. A similar diagram is found later in Mitchell's book in his list of symbols.[88] This one does have crudely drawn characters surrounding it, but they do not appear to be Hebraic. This one, unlike the first, has the names "Lilith" and "Samael."

Leviathan is a Hebrew name (LVIThN), referring to a serpent or dragon. Leviathan is mentioned in Isiah 27:1: "In that day the Lord with his hard and great and strong sword will punish Leviathan the fleeing serpent, Leviathan the twisting serpent, and he will slay the dragon that is in the sea." This explains why Mitchell identifies Leviathan as a "serpent of the watery abyss." However, in Ceremonial magic Leviathan appears as other things: In the Book of the Sacred Writings of Abramelin the Mage, Leviathan is one of the four "superior princes," along with Lucifer, Satan and Belial, as well as a name that appears on the first line of a double acrostic square used to cause a spirit to appear in the form of a bird. Leviathan is a demon mentioned by Grillot De Givry in his Witchcraft, Magic and Alchemy. Leviathan is described as one of the four crown princes of Hell, related to water and the West, in Anton LeVay's Satanic Bible. None of these texts refer to Leviathan as a serpent.

Lilith:

Madrak lists "Lilith"[89] as a demon on his Demonbusters web site. As we saw in the entry for Leviathan above, Norman Mitchell lists Lilith in his Hidden Practices manual. Lilith was a Hebrew version of the earlier Sumerian Goddess Lilitu ("night hag"), a storm goddess who brought nightmares. "LILH", a Hebrew term, means "night" or "darkness." In early Hebrew legend, Lilith was the first wife of Adam. Lilith, like Leviathan, appears in several grimoires. According to Eliphas Levi, Lilith was the leader of the Gamaliel. Lilith is described as the prince of the succubae in Alexis De Terreneuve de Thym's autobiography Farfadets, ou tous le demons ne sont pas l'autre monde. Lilith is one of the Infernal names listed in Anton LaVey's Satanic Bible. Lilith appears in astrology too: She is an asteroid used by some in horoscopes, as well as a planet hypothe­sized as being beyond the orbit of Pluto.

Lucifer:

Lucifer is a mythical figure who features largely in the stories of Satanic Conspiracy myth supporters. Lucifer is listed on the "Satanists and Setians" list in the Madrak's Demonbusters web site.[90] In Satanism: The Not So New Problem, Rapacki defines Lucifer as: "Means Morning Star; the archangel who protected the throne of God."[91] Lou Sloat's Texas Ritualistic Crime Information Network Occult Crime Manual includes Lucifer in its list of occult terms.[92] In Mystery Mark of the New Age, Texe Marrs claims that "...In Arthur Clarke's movie 2010, a new sun suddenly appears radiantly in the sky, bringing peace to earth just as the two hostile superpowers... are about to wage all-out nuclear war. Clarke reveals in his book of the same title who this mysterious and peaceful force appearing as the 'sun' is: Its name is Lucifer."[93] Clarke wasn't using this name as a reference to Satan. He was using it for its literal Latin meaning ("bringer of light").

On the web page, "Unmasking The Truth About Witches: Their Deceptive Schemes, Old Tricks & Dirty Lies," David Brown claims that "While Wicca has a modern origin, they eclecticly [sic] draw upon diabolical occult information, rituals, and ceremonies from idol worshippers of the past. In fact, they use a deceptive scheme involving semantic word games to deny their involvement with the Devil and or Satan. For instance, Wiccans will tell you that they believe in Lucifer. They claim that 'he is the god of the Sun and of the Moon.' However most knowledgeable Wiccans recognize that the book La Sorciere by French historian Jules Michelet is a major contributer to their cult (The English version is published by Citadel Press under the title Satanism and Witchcraft). But, here's the facts. "Michelet's book is full of passionate, sympathetic depictions of Satan and medieval witchcraft.

"Then there is the book by Charles G. Leland - Aradia:Gospel of the Witches, which is another major source of Wiccan beliefs. The very first paragraph reads¼ 'Diana greatly loved her brother Lucifer, the god of the Sun and of the Moon, the god of Light, who was so proud of his beauty, and who for his pride was driven from Paradise.' GOTCHA! This is a reference to Isaiah 14 in the Bible where Lucifer is expelled from the presence of God and becomes the Devil or Satan! In fact, Isaiah 14:12 (KJV) is the only passage where Lucifer is mentioned in the entire Bible. Otherwise he is called the Devil, Satan, the Dragon, etc."[94]

This is the myth about Diana and Lucifer from Charles Geoffrey Leland's Aradia that I told you about earlier. Brown is correct in asserting that it bore a striking resemblance to Jules Michelet's earlier book, La Sorciere. Leland's works clearly influenced early Wiccan leaders, such as Gardner, Valiente, Sanders and Farrrar, to name but a few. This was before Leland's assumptions and research were called into question by scholars. The original "Charge of the Goddess" and the concept of ritual nudity were also probably drawn by Gardner from Leland's works. Fundamentalist Christians like Brown have mythologized Lucifer as a rebellious angel who fell from grace and took the name Satan. When you read early Wiccan texts such as The Alex Sanders Lectures that mention Lucifer, it is clear that the name Lucifer is being used to represent a Lord of Death or Shadows such as the Greek God Hades or the Roman God Pluto, not the Devil.[95]

The first chapter of Michaelson's Your Kids and the Occult is "The War for Your Child's Mind", in which she claims that "Most New Agers would readily recognize that 'Light' as 'Lucifer' the lightbearer, whom they believe to be the only hope for the salvation of the world."[96] This is a ridiculous statement. One cannot condense the myriad beliefs encompassed under the title of the New Age into a statement like this. Many New Age groups have no concept of Lucifer at all in their spiritual systems.

Lucifer is a Latin name meaning "bringer of light" ("lucis" ("light") and "ferre" ("to bear")). Lucifer was once a popular name in common usage. Lucifer is not a name that appears in early translations of the Bible: The languages of the Jewish and Christian scriptures are Aramaic, Chaldean, Hebrew, and Koine Greek. Lucifer is a title attributed in the Apocalypse of St. John in the Latin Vulgate translation of the original Greek. It is used to describe Christ as a victorious king of light. It is also used to refer to the king of Babylon in Isaiah 14:12: "How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! How art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations!" The original word translated as "Lucifer" in the Bible was "Helel" in the Hebrew texts. Some scholars argue that this indicates that it was, in fact, a reference to the King of Babylon, who was compared to the morning star.[97] Others point out that the story of Helel, a Canaanite deity, was very similar to the later story of Satan.

It was later Protestant translators that utilized Lucifer as a name for the Devil. Christians have mythologized Lucifer as a rebellious angel who fell from grace and took the name Satan. In Paradise Lost Lucifer was described as a demon of sinful pride. Many modern Satanists have picked up on this and use Lucifer as a alternate name for Satan. For example, in Anton LaVey's Satanic Bible, Lucifer is described as one of the four crown princes of Hell, related to air and the East. Lucifer is also a name used in the performance of a Black Mass and in the Satanic Baptism in LaVey's The Satanic Rituals.

Yet many other groups have used the name Lucifer to represent quite different things. For instance, in astrology Lucifer is the name sometimes given to the planet Venus as the morning star. In the Royal Masonic Cyclopedia, Lucifer is listed as one of the seven genii of the week, listed in the Scale of the Number Seven. In many grimoires of Occidental Ceremonial Magick Lucifer usually appears as a spirit quite separate from Satan:
  • In the Book of the Sacred Magic of Abramelin the Mage:
  • Lucifer is one of the four "superior princes", the others being Leviathan, Satan and Belial.
  • Lucifer is a name that appears on the first line of a double acrostic square used to cause a spirit to appear in human form.
  • In the Grimorium Verum Lucifer is called the emperor of spirits and is named in a conjuration of Beelzebuth
  • In Pseudo-Monarchia, Wierus lists Lucifer as Beelzebuth's lord chief justice.
  • In the Grimoire of Honorius Lucifer is a spirit associated to Monday.
  • In The Magus Lucifer is the Prince of Rebellion, Angels and Darkness and ruler of the Infernal World.
  • Lucifer is the original name of the archdaimon Satan in the Diabolicon.
  • Lucifer is a demon of pride listed by Binsfield.
  • Lucifer is a spirit listed in the Grimoire of Armadel. He rules over Belzebut and Astarot. Lucifer is said to be able to teach one about the rebellion and fall of the angels who rebelled against Jehovah.
  • In Aleister Crowley's Liber Aervm Vel Saecvli:
  • Lucifer is a devil mentioned in the cry of the aethyr Zon. Crowley compares Lucifer in this case to the Hindu deity Brahma.
  • A demon mentioned in the cry of the aethyr Arn.
    The concept of the Devil is foreign to Wiccans. Some Wiccan traditions do acknowledge a figure called Lucifer, however. In this they are probably influenced by Charles Geoffrey Leland's book Aradia: Gospel of the Witches. In this case Lucifer is a Promethean light bringer, referred to as the "god of the Sun and of the Moon, the god of Light".[98] As such Lucifer is found in Victor Anderson's Faery tradition of Wicca.

    Lucifuge:

    "Lucifuge" is a name meaning "fly from the light" or "shun the light" (Latin: "lucis" ("light") + "fugio" ("to fly from")). This name first appeared in the Grand Grimoire as "Lucifuge Rocofale", who is named as a subordinate of Lucifer and the prime minister of spirits. Lucifuge Rocofale has influence over wealth and treasures. His subordinates are Baal, Agares and Marbas. Eliphas Levi later listed Lucifuge as the leader of the Satariel. Grillot De Givry lists Lucifuge as the Prime Minister of Demons in Witchcraft, Magic and Alchemy. His name appears in a diagram of a "satanic Circle" in Alford's Occult Crimes Investigations.

    Continue on to Definitions... Demons (A-B) - Demons (C-G) - Demons (H-L) - Demons (M-R) - Demons (S-Z)



    Footnotes...

    [72] "Demons and Characteristics", http://www.demonbuster.com/zpart2‑w11.html.
    [73] "Demons and Characteristics" http://www.demonbuster.com/zpart2‑w11.html
    [74] Rapacki, Lyle J. (1988). Satanism: The Not So New Problem, Intel, pg 58.
    [75] Ibid, pg 57.
    [76] Marrs, Texe. Mystery Mark of the New Age, pg 115.
    [77] "Demons and Characteristics" http://www.demonbuster.com/zpart2‑w11.html
    [78] (May/June 1990). The Battle Cry, Chick Publications, pg 4.
    [79] "Demons and Characteristics" http://www.demonbuster.com/zpart2‑w11.html
    [80] "Demons and Characteristics" http://www.demonbuster.com/zpart2‑w11.html
    [81] Rapacki, Lyle J. (1988). Satanism: The Not So New Problem, Intel, pg 58.
    [82] "Demons and Characteristics", http://www.demonbuster.com/zpart2‑w11.html.
    [83] San Diego County Sheriff's Association, Gangs, Groups, Cults: An Informational Aid to Understanding, pg 114.
    [84] Ibid.
    [85] "Demons and Characteristics", http://www.demonbuster.com/zpart2‑w11.html.
    [86] Mitchell, Norman E. Hidden Practices.
    [87] The Fayetteville Observer, 88-8-1, Special Report by Pat Reese, "Signs of Satan", reproduced in Hidden Practices on page 46.
    [88] Hidden Practices, pg 15.
    [89] "Demons and Characteristics", http://www.demonbuster.com/zpart2‑w11.html.
    [90] "Demons and Characteristics", http://www.demonbuster.com/zpart2‑w11.html.
    [91] Rapacki, Lyle J. (1988). Satanism: The Not So New Problem, Intel, pg 58.
    [92] Sloat, Lou. (Date unknown). Texas Ritualistic Crime Information Network Occult Crime Manual, pg 14.
    [93] Marrs, Texe: Mystery Mark of the New Age, pg 91, emphasis in original.
    [94] "Unmasking The Truth About Witches: Their Deceptive Schemes, Old Tricks & Dirty Lies," 1997, http://logosresources.org/idx_occult.htm.
    [95] Sanders, Alex. (1984). The Alex Sanders Lectures, Magickal Childe Publishing, Inc., NY, pg 70.
    [96] Ibid.
    [97] Barnhart, Robert K. (1988). Barnhart Dictionary of Etymology, pg 613.
    [98] Leland, Charles Geoffrey. (1974). Aradia: Gospel of the Witches, Samuel Weiser.






    ABOUT...

    Kerr Cuhulain


    Location: Surrey, British Columbia

    Website: http://www.officersofavalon.com

    Bio: Kerr Cuhulain the author of this article, is known to the mundane world as Detective Constable Charles Ennis. Ennis, a former child abuse investigator, is the author of several articles on child abuse investigation that appeared in Law & Order Magazine. Better known to the Pagan community by his Wiccan name, Kerr Cuhulain, Ennis was the first Wiccan police officer to go public about his beliefs 28 years ago. Kerr is now the Preceptor General of Officers of Avalon. Kerr went on to write four books: The Law Enforcement Guide to Wicca (Horned Owl Publishing), Wiccan Warrior and Full Contact Magick: A Book of Shadows for the Wiccan Warrior. (Llewellyn Publications), as well as a book based on this series: Witch Hunts: Out of the Broom Closet (Spiral Publishing).

    Email Kerr: cuhulain@telus.net

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