Spiritual Counterfeits |
Author: Kerr Cuhulain
Posted: September 23rd. 2002
Times Viewed: 9,157
Another good example of an organization disseminating misinformation on occult crime to law enforcement agencies is the Texas Ritualistic Crime Information Network, founded in Athens, Texas by Lou Sloat. Sloat produced a manual on "Ritualistic Crime" which I obtained a few years ago.
The bibliography of the TRCIN Occult Crime Manual includes many of the same books that we found in the CARIS resource list: The Satan Hunter (Wedge), The Beautiful Side of Evil and Like Lambs to the Slaughter (Michaelsen), The Ultimate Evil (Terry), Michelle Remembers (Pazder), Satan's Underground (Stratford), Spellbound (Mills), Devil Child (Dawkins and Higgins), Say You Love Satan (St Clair) and The Devil's Web (Pulling). The list of recommended resources at the end of the TRCIN Occult Crime Manual is a who's who of SRA myth supporters, including Greg Reid, Exodus, Ritualistic Crime Consultants, In His Palm, WATCH Network, the Parent's Music Resource Center, Catherine Gould, Kathy Snowden, James LeBar, Robert "Jerry" Simandl, the USCCCN, CCIN Inc, Ted Gunderson, Believe the Children, Dale Griffis, BADD, and Ken Wooden. As you will soon see, these books and resources strongly influence the content of this manual.
Sloat's manual begins with a page classifying Satanism, Withcraft and Paganism together in one category entitled "Occultic Groups" and dividing this into four sub categories ordinarily used in such manuals for Satanists alone: "Dabblers, Self-Styled Individuals, Unorthodox Groups and Religious Groups".(83)
Sloat's manual includes a list borrowed from Pat Pulling's organization Bothered About Dungeons and Dragons (BADD): "Profiling, Symptoms and Investigative Clues For Juveniles Involved in Fantasy Role Playing Games." I will be discussing BADD in a later article in this series. This list includes a number of "symptoms" that could be indicative of a number of things other than interest in Fantasy Role Playing Games, and includes the following "symptoms":
- "4. Drawing symbols indigenous to the occult, such as pentagrams, '666', triangles, swastikas, etc."(84)
- "10. References to a multiplicity of gods."(85)
- "11. Individual exhibiting a belief in his/her ability to possess psychic powers."(86)
- "14. Collecting of artifacts such as talismans, animal bones, weaponry."(87)
- "15. Continued fascination with magic, including collecting herbs, etc."(88)
None of these things are necessarily symptoms of an interest in Fantasy Role Playing Games. The inference is that such games are gateways to Satanism, which is preposterous. All of these "symptoms" could as easily indicate that a person was involved in Pagan spiritualities with no connection to Satanism or FRPGs at all.
Sloat has borrowed a lot of other materials from BADD for this manual. For example, later in the TRCIN Occult Crime Manual we find a "Youth Evaluation" list created by BADD.(89) It is a pretty standard investigator's checklist, except that it includes a lot of questions as to whether the youth was involved in Fantasy Role Playing Games or whether the youth listed to Rock music. Elsewhere Sloat drifts into a discussion of Fantasy Role Playing Games and recommends Patricia Pulling and BADD. Sloat accompanies this with a list of runes and glyphs created by Gary Gygax for the Dungeons and Dragons game. Later still Sloat includes a letter by Darren Molitor, written for BADD, describing how evil Dungeons and Dragons is. I will be discussing this letter in greater detail in a later article when I examine BADD: Suffice it to say for now that Molitor has since recanted and refuted the contents of this letter, a fact that Sloat does not inform us of.
The TRCIN Occult Crime Manual contains several things obtained from the fundamentalist Christian organization Exodus. These include a page entitled "Interviewing the Teenage Satanist", a copy of the "W.I.C.C.A. Letters" (remember this hoax?) and an article entitled "Halloween- Can It Hurt?"
The TRCIN Occult Crime Manual next lists a single page depicting an alphabet entitled "Witch Runes". The alphabet depicted is actually called "Theban," and is not a form of runes at all. It is a magical alphabet used by some Wiccans.
Sloat's manual contains several lists of definitions. For example, on page 14 Sloat has a list of "occult terms", which includes many faulty definitions that I have dealt with elsewhere in this series. Terms incorrectly defined include: "Black Dragon, Book of Enoch, Grimoire, Familiar, Key of Solomon, Lucifer, Luciferans (sic), Magister, Magus, May Eve/Roodman [sic], Midsummer/Beltane, Oriens, Pagan, Pentagram, Solstice, St. John's Eve, Vaulderie, Venefica, Wicca, and Wizard. Some terms peculiar to Sloat's list include the following:
- "Amenon: Ruler of the Spirits of the East."(90)
NOTE: While I've found the names of many entities alleged to be the "ruler of spirits in the east", such as Oriens, in the grimoires that I've seen over the years, I've never encountered one by this name before. Later in the list Sloat lists "Eltzen" as the ruler of spirits of the north. Curiously, Sloat doesn't give any names for spirits of the south or west. I suspect that these are names that Sloat has borrowed from an FRPG.
- "Ancient One: The officiating priestess at a Black Mass is sometimes known as "the ancient one" regardless of her age".(91)
NOTE: Of course, a traditional Black Mass is presided over by a defrocked Priest, not a priestess, and nowhere is referred to as an "ancient one."
- "Anthropophagy: The practice of eating human flesh, particularly by witches at Sabbat."(92)
NOTE: While this term is a synonym for cannibalism, the idea that witches eat human flesh is an invention of the Inquisitors, with no foundation in reality.
- "Belial: Without a master."(93)
NOTE: This brief and cryptic definition suggests that Belial is a adjective, rather than a name. As I pointed out elsewhere, Belial is a Hebrew name, "BLIOL", meaning "wicked one", which appears in numerous places in the Old Testament, such as Deuteronomy 13:13, Judges and 1 Samuel. It is a name that appears as a spirit entity in several old grimoires, such as Sacred Writings of Abramelin the Mage, the Lemegeton, The Magus and in Anton LeVay's Satanic Bible.
- "Book of Toth/Thoth: A book containing the wisdom of the Egyptian Gods; possibly the origin for the Tarot."(94)
NOTE: This definition makes this book sound as if it is quite ancient. In fact the Book of Thoth is an alternate name for the fifth installment of a serial journal of volume III of Aleister Crowley's The Equinox, appearing in this form in 1944. It described Crowley's version of Egyptian Tarot, therefore it could not have been the source of Tarot, which is hundreds of years older.
- "Diabolus: Two morsels, kill body and soul."(95)
NOTE: Another brief, cryptic and inaccurate definition. In fact "diabolos" is originally a Greek term, made up from the words "dia" ("through" or "across") and "ballein" ("to throw"), in other words, a slanderer. It later became a Latin word for the Devil.
- "Erebus: According to Greek mythology, a dark region through which souls traveled on their way to Hades."(96)
NOTE: Not exactly. Erebus was, in fact, the God of the dark in Greek mythology, brother of the Goddess of night, Nyx. Erebus was father by his sister Nyx of Nemesis (Goddess of fate), Hemera ("day"), Eros (the God of love) and Charon, who directed the souls of the dead across the river Styx into Hades.
- "Esbat: A weekly or biweekly meeting of witches."(97)
NOTE: Wiccan Esbats are, of course, meetings held during the full moon, an event which occurs every 28 days, not weekly or biweekly.
- "Freya: Scandinavian Goddess of Love, Queen of Lower Regions. Freya's sacred day was Friday. Witches held weekly assemblies on Friday."(98)
NOTE: Freya, also known as Freyja was a Norse Goddess whose name means "well beloved, spouse, lady." Freya was the wife and sister of the God Odin and the mother of the God of Light, Baldur. She flew through the air with a falcon plumed robe. Freya was the Goddess of love and beauty and the protector of marriages. She was a warrior Goddess, who commanded the Valkyries. As Valfreyja she chose half of the battle-slain (Odin got the other half). Freya was not the "queen of lower regions" as Sloat suggests here. Freya originally appeared as a lunar Goddess. While it is true that Friday is named after Freya, the nonsense about Witches meeting on Fridays is Inquisitional fantasy.
- "Sabbat/Sabbath: Seasonal assembly of witches in honour of the Archfiend. A quarterly or semi-quarterly meeting of witches for celebration or for observance of Black Mass [sic]."(99)
NOTE: This is more Inquisitional nonsense. Wiccans don't celebrate the Black Mass.
- "Uroboros: A serpent depicted as eating his own tail; the symbol being used to show the unity of the sacrificer and the one being sacrificed."(100)
NOTE: While a uroboros is indeed a snake eating its own tail, it has nothing to do with sacrifice. It is a symbol of eternal life, combining images of the circle (a universal symbol of eternity) and the snake, who sheds its dead skin to take on new life.
Seventeen pages later Sloat includes another list, "Definitions- Satanism and Witchcraft." This list is even more terse than the first, most definitions consisting of less than four words. The longest definition is only 16 words in length. 37 of the 45 terms on this list refer to Satanism, not Witchcraft. All eight of the terms that are used by Wiccans are defined as if they were exclusive to Satanism. Elsewhere Sloat has a two page section on types of Satanism which is basically just a brief description of Anton LaVey's Satanic Church. Sloat lists LaVey's "Nine Satanic Statements" twice in his manual, as if seeing them once isn't enough.
Later on we find another (untitled) list of symbols attributed to Satanism, including the typically inaccurate definitions that we have seen elsewhere in this series of goat's heads, lightning bolts, "Zoso", Yin Yang, ritual markers, "FFF", horned hands signs, swastikas, peace symbols, double bladed axes, triangles, circles, "baphomet", moons and stars, pentagrams, hexagrams and ankhs.
No manual of this sort would be complete without a calendar of ritual dates, and Sloat includes two. The first calendar he introduces with the statement: "Pagans, Witches and Satanists share 8 common Sabbats during the year."(101) Sloat then lists the 8 Wiccan Sabbats as if they are Satanic ritual dates, which they are not. Later Sloat supplies another calendar: The "Satanic Ritual Calendar" produced by Calvary Chapel in their Passport Magazine Special Edition. This is a study in itself, and I will discuss it later in the series in an article on the Calvary Chapel.
Sloat also has a section entitled "Witchcraft: The Old Religion," written by Diane Mireles and R. R. Carrillo of Ritualistic Crime Consultants. This is an organization based in Houston, under the direction of Mireles and Carrillo. This section begins with two pages of common Wiccan symbols. The list also contains several pages entitled "Spirit/Ether," "Earth," "Water," "Air," "Fire" and "The Moon," respectively. This lists various correspondences used with these things in some traditions of Wicca. There is also an untitled page listing only two of the eight Wiccan Sabbats. Mireles and Carrillo include a section called "Magic" in this section, outlining Anton LaVey's views on this subject. Of course LaVey isn't a Wiccan, so he and his views are entirely out of place in here.
Mireles and Carrillo go on to say that:
"To manipulate a person, you must first be able to attract and hold his/her attention. Effectively utilizing the command to look, is an integrated part of a witch's or warlock's training...There are three (3) methods to accmplish the 'command to look':
(1) Utilization of sex...An appealing or alluring witch uses sex as their most powerful tool. Using their sex to manipulate.
(2) Sentiment...Conforms to the image of the sweet little old lady, or man. Employs the art of misdirection to accomplish their goals. Older witches/Warlocks use this method.
(3) wonder...This method applied to the person who's appearance is strange or awesome. By using these looks to manipulate people because they are fearful of the consequences if they disobey [emphasis in original]."(102)
First of all, Warlock is not a term used by Wiccans to describe themselves. Secondly, the characteristics of age and odd appearance were often exactly what was used in the Inquisition as a basis for claiming that someone was a "Witch," resulting in the accused being tortured and executed. As sex was viewed as sinful by the Inquisitors, it is likely that sexual advances could just as easily had the same result. Finally, in all of the Wiccan training and literature that I have been exposed to over the years, I've never seen any kind of training on how to "command" a person by "looking" at them: This sounds suspiciously like the Inquisitional concept of the "evil eye" to me.
Mireles and Carrillo then go on to say that "The real witches were rarely executed or even brought to trial. They were proficient in the art of enchantment which enabled them to charm the men, saving their own lives." It is true that most of those executed by the Inquisition practised nothing resembling modern Witchcraft. This isn't because Witches were magically protected from the Inquisitors, it was because the methods used by the Inquisition to identify "witches" were such that practically anyone could be successfully "identified" as a "Witch." Mireles and Carrillo are simply coming up with excuses to try to explain this away.
Next in the TRCIN Occult Crime Manual we find a page depicting a pentacle with a different symbol on each of its five points. Beneath this it says:
"This is a duplicate of an actual pentacle worn by a 16 year old 'apprentice'. This 16 year old resides in El Paso, Texas. It is believed that this 16 year old was recruited in the school by a teacher. The pentacle is worn at all times, but is not worn outside of the clothing. There are the element symbols, the top point holds a symbol that means mind control. The symbol [here they show a stylized letter "h" with a cross bar on the top of the vertical stroke] is actually the cross of confusion. Note the direction of the moon- purely black."(103)
In fact, all of the symbols at the five points are obviously elemental symbols, including the top one, which represents spirit, not mind control as Mireles and Carrillo suggest. The sign that they believe to be the "cross of confusion" is the astrological sign for the planet Saturn. Obviously Carrillo and Mireles have never seen any books on astrology. Since there is no moon depicted in their diagram, I must assume that their comment about the moon refers to the curved portion of the Saturn sign. This is a crescent shape and is the only thing that resembles a moon in the diagram. Presumably their comment "purely black" refers to their belief that this represents "black magic." A few pages later Mireles and Carrillo depict another pentagram with different symbols for the five elements depicted in connection with the five points of the pentagram, but they have them in the wrong order: Water-east, Fire-south, Earth-west, Air-north, Spirit-center. The correct order is: Air-east, Fire-south, Water-west, Earth-north, Spirit-center.
Sloat also includes several lists of terms borrowed from Ritualistic Crime Consultants in his TRCIN Occult Crime Manual. These are some of the more peculiar lists that I have seen, full of grammatical errors and misspelled words. You'll note that many of the terms on the following list come from Fantasy Role Playing Games and are peculiar to that genre. Here are some examples:
- "Amulet- A necklace worn with a symbol representing an individual or cult. Sometimes, there is power if the amulet was handed down."(104)
NOTE: The term "amulet" in English was taken from a French word, "amulette." It comes from the Latin "amulleto" ("a charm"). Valiente believes that it "is probably derived from the Latin amiolor, meaning 'I repel, or drive away'."(105) An amulet could be a necklace, but it could be a lot of other different objects as well. Amulets may have a symbol on them representing a particular entity or individual, but they do not have symbols on them representing a particular "cult." What Sloat means by the last sentence is anyone's guess.
- "Elements: Wind, fire, rain, the earth, bodies of water."(106)
NOTE: Here Sloat is presenting yet another version of what the elements are. He has the correct number here, but the elements in Wicca actually are: air, fire, water, earth and spirit.
- "Energies- The sun and the moon. The sun goes with white magic. The moon goes with black magic."(107)
NOTE: If the authors of this list had ever read any old grimoires or mythology, they would have found many exceptions to their definition here.
- "Excessive Energy- Used at midnight. On a full moon energy is excelled more than normal [sic]."(108)
NOTE: Awful grammar. Goes with the inaccuracy I suppose.
- "Hex- Used by 'Hectight' Witches. It is mind controlled [sic]. A Hectight Witch is very powerful and resourceful."(109)
NOTE: In all the years that I have been involved in Wicca I have never heard of a "Hectight Witch." I strongly suspect, given the numerous spelling mistakes made by Carrillo and Mireles in this list, that this may be an attempt to guess at the spelling of the name of the Goddess "Hecate." Hecate was a Greek and Roman Goddess of the moon, death and magic, often depicted as having three faces, representing the three phases of the moon (waxing, full and waning). Hecate is an aspect of female divinity often used in Wicca, but there is no tradition of Wicca named for her.
- "Patiens- Conjured up from extracted oils or secreation [sic] from animals, roots, or even a person and mixed with various other things, depending on the type of potion desired."(110)
NOTE: I presume that what Sloat is trying to describe here is "Potions," since there is no such word as "Patiens."
- "Talis- Made from hair, finger nails or earth that has been walked on by the person. Used to weaken that person."(111) This nonsensical definition is followed by: "Talisman- One who specializes in making talises."(112)
NOTE: This is so ridiculous that I can only assume that rather than look this one up in a dictionary they just made it up. If Mireles and Carrillo were right then presumably a woman could be a "Taliswoman." I'm sure that you've never heard of one of those and neither have I. There is no such thing as a "Talis." "Talisman," originally a French word, is derived from the Arabic term "tilsam," which was a magic figure or horoscope. It may also be related to the Greek word "telesma" ("incantation"). A talisman is not a person, it is an object believed to have magick properties, such as a charm or amulet.
- "Veah-Veah- A mark used in either ones' signature or by itself to represent them [sic]. (Mark of the beast, 666, FFF)."(113)
NOTE: I presume that what they are struggling to describe here is a Vévé: A magical diagram or design used to invoke the loa (deities) in Voudoo. Depending on the rite, Vévés may be traced using wheat flour, corn meal, Guinea flour (wood ashes), powdered leaves, red brick powder, rice powder, face powder, charcoal, gunpowder, or powdered bark or roots. And no, the "Mark of the beast, 666, [and] FFF" are not examples of Vévés. The first two are from the Bible and FFF is a Wiccan blessing derived from an old Saxon blessing: "Flags, Flax, Fodder and Frigg (Freya)." Note that the original Saxon blessing has four Fs. Some Christians believe that the three letter Wiccan version is related to the number of the beast, 666, as "f" is the sixth letter of the alphabet. This isn't the case.
- "Voo-Doo- Performing and practising the arts of magic, witchcraft, black magic."(114)
NOTE: Voodoo, also known as Voudoo, Voodoun or Vodun, is actually a religion, though ill informed people have introduced this word into the English language as a synonym for magic. Voodoo is derived from a word "Vodu" in the West African Fon language meaning "deity" or "power." Milo Rigaud says that it derives from the terms "vo" ("introspection") and "du" ("into the unknown").(115) Voodoo is a spirit religion derived from the beliefs of the Nagos, Ibos, Congos, Dahomeans, Senegalese, Haoussars, Caplaous, Mandinges, Mondongues, Angolese, Libyans, Ethiopians and the Malgaches, brought from West Africa by slaves to Haiti and syncretized to one extent or another with Roman Catholic beliefs. Voudoo has nothing to do with Satanism.
The following terms in Sloat's manual are derived from the Sword of Shanara series by fantasy writer Terry Brooks. Sloat treats them as if they are actual terms derived from real life Satanic cults:
- "Anari- A forest or jungle".(116)
- "Black Walkers & Mord Wraths- Servants created or born from evil and black magic to be protectors of witches and warlock lords."(117)
- "Dragon's Teeth- Mountains. Usually with a hidden pass."(118)
- "Druid's Keep- Fortress or home of one or a cult."(119)
- "Grimpond- Used to meditate and seek wisdom and knowledge from the past elders. There is a specific ritual used to call upon these elders to speak to them."(120)
- "Ildatch- Book containing dark evil magic, rituals, spells, roots and how they are used."(121)
- "Silver River- Clean water. Unspoiled Water. Nature's Finest."(122)
The last one sounds like an advertisement for a brand of bottled water, doesn't it? There are no such expressions used in Wicca or other Pagan spiritualities.
The next list from Ritualistic Crime Consultants incorporated into the TRCIN Occult Crime Manual by Sloat is "Wicked Witch Words."(123) This is described in the text as a list of terms used in Colonial America in the 17th century witch panic. This is obviously a reference to the witch trials of Salem, although they do not specify this. This lists only six terms: evil eye, familiar, hex mark, "polterfeist [sic]"(124), touch test, and witch mark. You'll notice that in keeping with the spelling that Ritualistic Crime Consultants has demonstrated so far, they have spelled "poltergeist" wrong. All six terms represent concepts borrowed from the Malleus Malificarum of the Inquisition.
Sloat's TRCIN Occult Crime Manual includes a two page section on Satanism, from a Biblical perspective of course, listing "spiritual weapons... to resist Satan."(125) Here is that theme of "spiritual warfare" again. And then Sloat makes a very telling statement on the next page: "Little is known about Satanic cults, except from ex-members (usually victims) and scattered media reports."(126) How very true. Given that the "ex-members" and "victims" that we have examined thus far have all been charlatans, then it follows logically that most of what little is supposedly known is worthless. Sloat follows this remark by introducing us to the stories of two alleged "survivors", both teenagers, and both identified only by a first name: Natasha and Bill. There are no details that would allow us to verify their stories, so we are expected to take Sloat's word for it.
Naturally, no manual of this sort would be complete without Dr. Catherine Gould's ubiquitous list of "Signs and Symptoms of Ritualistic Abuse in Children," and Sloat's manual is no exception (we'll discuss this list in a later article). Following this is an excerpt from the Believe the Children Newsletter, in which alleged survivor Greg Reid tells his story.(127) Reid is the national director of the Christian organization "Youthfire" and of Occult Research and Crime Consultants, based in El Paso, Texas. He is a member of the WATCH Network (discussed elsewhere in this series). Reid appeared on Geraldo Rivera's television talk show 2 May 1989. He is the author of Ritual Abuse Survival and Teen Satanism: Redeming the Devil's Children. Reid was a contributor to Larry Jones's File 18 newsletter.
Reid claims that he was regularly abused by Satanists and witnessed a human sacrifice between the ages of 5 and 7. Reid claims that two particular brothers who were Catholic Church counsellors were the primary suspects. Reid claims that they used to pick him up on the way to school but that he doesn't ever remember getting there. This despite the fact that his father was a police officer, whom one would have expected to be able to recognize his son's distress (since Reid claims to have begun consumption of alcohol at the age of 8 and to have suffered several nervous breakdowns as a child, for starters) and to have questioned his absence from school. Of course Reid doesn't supply the suspect's names and gives no indication as to whether they were ever charged. In fact, the only name that appears anywhere in this account is Greg's. No one else is identified by name at all.
Reid says that he first went to see two (unidentified) psychiatrists back in 1979. He reports that these psychiatrists independently suggested that he undergo hypnosis because Reid had no memory of abuse at all. Reid then claims that from 1980 to 1983 he had increasingly vivid dreams with violent imagery. Reid then states that in 1983 he began to suspect that he had been the victim of Ritual Abuse. Reid makes a point of the fact that the McMartin case happened after this, as if to say that no reports of SRA had been made public prior to this. But the book Michelle Remembers came out in 1981 and Warnke's Satan Seller came out nearly a decade earlier. As we now know, it was Michelle's involvement in the McMartin case that was instrumental in the way that it developed. Significantly, Reid later states that the incident which supposedly triggers Reid's ability to remember the details and begin disclosing them is when he finds out about the ABC television 20/20 program on Satanism in 1985.
Reid seems to have borrowed elements of this story from several well known sources. Part of Reid's memories sound suspiciously like Michelle's account, particularly a "memory" involving a truck hitting a light pole, resulting in fatalities. Reid's list of supposed symptoms reads like Gould's list.
Sloat also borrows material from Larry Jones in this manual, specifically Jones's report in the 90-3 issue of File 18 on Ted Gunderson's $18,000 excavation at the McMartin site. Later Sloat provides an excerpt from the 87-5 issue of File 18 on alleged survivors of Ritual Abuse, which I have already debunked earlier in this series.
Sloat also borrows from Freedomlight, one of Larry Jones's main resources. The TRCIN Occult Crime Manual includes a three page excerpt from a 1990 Freedomlight newsletter on "The Ouija- Game or Toy from Hell."(128) This is basically a slanted historical account of the invention of the game. At one point Freedomlight claims that "In a number of cases, the Ouija has triggered fierce demonic attacks"(129) and tells us that women have actually been "repeatedly and brutally raped"(130) by demons. Freedomlight states that these demonic attacks are common and expects us to believe that "they are usually backed by strong medical evidence."(131) Predictably, Freedomlight doesn't give us any examples of this alleged medical evidence. Freedomlight goes on to say that demons are using the Ouija board to deliberately deceive people.
Of course no manual of this sort would be complete without the author going after Rock music as a supposedly Satanic influence. Sloat devotes a couple of pages of the TRCIN Occult Crime Manual to dwell on the type of lyrics written by heavy metal rock bands, including Motley Crue, Ozzy Osbourne, AC/DC, Black Sabbath and Alice Cooper.
In this article you've seen some of the "researchers" responsible for disseminating disinformation about Satanic cults. In part two we will examine two other organizations involved in this work: The Spiritual Counterfeits Project and the Religion Analysis Service.
Article ID: 4715
Age Group: Adult
Days Up: 4,997
Times Read: 9,157
Location: Surrey, British Columbia
Bio: Kerr Cuhulain the author of this article, is known to the mundane world as Detective Constable Charles Ennis. Ennis, a former child abuse investigator, is the author of several articles on child abuse investigation that appeared in Law & Order Magazine. Better known to the Pagan community by his Wiccan name, Kerr Cuhulain, Ennis was the first Wiccan police officer to go public about his beliefs 28 years ago. Kerr is now the Preceptor General of Officers of Avalon. Kerr went on to write four books: The Law Enforcement Guide to Wicca (Horned Owl Publishing), Wiccan Warrior and Full Contact Magick: A Book of Shadows for the Wiccan Warrior. (Llewellyn Publications), as well as a book based on this series: Witch Hunts: Out of the Broom Closet (Spiral Publishing).
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