Author: Kerr Cuhulain
Posted: June 12th. 2005
Times Viewed: 28,729
If you believe that your religion is the only valid one, then sooner or later you’re going to engage in apologetics: Acts defending and/or proving your faith to others. Such arrogant people feel it necessary to point out what they consider to be the "errors" of other people’s religions. Contender Ministries is an organization of this kind. Contender Ministries is based in Federal Way, Washington, a suburb of Seattle. Their web site was set up in January of 2002. The "mission" of Contender Ministries is outlined on a page in their web site:
"The mission of Contender Ministries is to follow the words of Jude... ‘For certain men whose condemnation was written about long ago have secretly slipped in among you. They are godless men, who change the grace of our God into a license for immorality and deny Jesus Christ, our only Sovereign and Lord.’ Satan has long played a cunning game of deceiving decent people with his lies... He has been very busy ever since, and his lies have been very effective... Satan’s most effective lies are subtle. They take advantage of human weaknesses, and using noble thoughts and ideas, seduce people into a system that turns out to be as evil as Satan himself. If people knew what they were getting into ahead of time, most wouldn’t make that step. If Satan were all that popular, you’d see a lot more people who openly identify themselves as Satanists. No, Satan seduces people with subtle lies, wrapped in noble and attractive packages... we don’t sit comfortably and watch non-believers slide down a slippery slope to hell... we confront the lies of the evil one wherever we see them. Jesus has called on us to love all our fellow planet-mates. Love means that we must rescue them if they need it... What if they don’t want to be saved?... Then you must save them from their impending doom, whether they want you to or not... As Christians, we are powerless to change the heart of another person. We can’t body slam someone into the body of Christ. What we can do, and are absolutely obligated to do, is to let them know that they’re in a pot of water that will be boiling before long. Explain to them the truth. Jesus said, ‘I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me.’ That statement summarizes the truth of salvation. Explain this truth to your friends. Let them know the pot will get hot, and the truth is not on the stove at all! But as we do so, we must let the love of our Lord Jesus Christ show through us. We must NOT be arrogant, spiteful, or ignorant in our efforts to convey the truth. We must let His love show through us. This is especially important, as we are powerless to change people’s hearts. That action is done through the conviction of the Holy Spirit. If we do not let the Holy Spirit shine through us, we have hardened our friends’ hearts toward Him.
"Apologetics has been described as a small field. The truth – the saving knowledge and acceptance of Jesus Christ is a garden in the middle of this field. We cannot grab our unbelieving friends by the scruff of the neck and drag them to the garden – it simply does not work that way. What we do when we evangelize is to lovingly point out the garden, and show our friends the path to get there. At that point, it is up to the Holy Spirit. As an apologist, you must know where the garden is. That is, you must know the TRUTH, as presented in the Gospel of Jesus Christ. You must also see the field, and the holes, pits, ditches, and thorn snags in it. If you can see the garden, and you can see the hazards of the field, you can then lovingly direct people to the path. In other words, you must be firmly grounded in the truths of scripture – there is no substitute for daily digestion of the Word. You must also be aware of the pitfalls – the lies and traps Satan has set for people. If you can do this, you are an apologist – a contender."
This is followed by the usual disclaimers intended to deflect criticism:
"We do not do this to be mean. I don’t deny that the truth can hurt at times. But it is imperative that we share the truth with all, and do so with love. Every cult and religious movement we profile has set itself apart from the truth. It is incumbent upon us therefore, to take up the sword (the Word of God) and contend for the faith – to expose the lies of Satan."
The Contender Ministries web site lists what they consider to be "Types of Witchcraft." "There are many different types of witchcraft, " we are told, "Not everyone calls themselves a witch and there is a lot of variety, even among people who follow the same path. The following is a list of different religions related to Witchcraft. Some of them vary greatly from that of Wicca, but they are related in one form or another." Their list reads as follows:
This list is supposed to be about Witchcraft, so I don’t know why they started it by listing the subject. Many of the paths listed are indeed valid Wiccan traditions, but a lot of things on this list are not. "The Craft" isn’t a Wiccan tradition, it is a generic term for things Wiccan. The listing of "Pagan" on this list is that old "if it isn’t Christian its Pagan" approach to apologetics. A lot of Pagans don’t practice Wicca. The term Neo-Pagan simply means "new Pagan." Neo Pagan religions are revivals of older Pagan religions or new creations such as the Church of All Worlds. Again, while Wicca is certainly Neo-Pagan, there are a lot of other things in his category besides Witchcraft. Asatru, Odinism and Norse all refer to the same Neo-Pagan spirituality. These Heathen faiths would not consider themselves practitioners of Witchcraft. Ceremonial Magick is full of Christian mythology, so it amuses me to see it included in a list of things supposedly Wiccan. I’m guessing that Contender Ministries put it on this "Witchcraft" list because it contains the word "magick." The Hindu faith is a major world religion which isn’t related to Wicca at all. Huna is the native religion of the Hawaiian islands. Bruja is a Spanish word for "Witch": I presume that Contender Ministries is referring to Brujeria, which isn’t related to Wicca either. Silva Mind Control has nothing to do with Wicca.
- Ceremonial Magick
- Chaos Magician
- Mama Chi
- "Native" or Indiginous
- Earth Religion
- The Craft
- Old Religion
- Golden Dawn
- Silva Mind Control
Contender Ministries has several Afro-Diasporan religions on its list: Yoruba (which, for some reason, is listed twice), Santeria, Voodoo, and Vodun. Followers of these religions do not describe themselves as "Pagan" and are not related to Wicca at all.
The Contender Ministries web site includes a page on Wicca. This begins: "Warning: While it is important for Christians to understand the world of the occult, it is not our intention to stimulate anyone's curiosity to the point where interest becomes an unhealthy obsession. Humans have always had a certain fascination about evil, so it is prudent to take the advice of Paul when researching information on the occult." This is followed by a quote from C.S. Lewis: "There are two equal and opposite errors into which our race can fall about the devils. One is to disbelieve in their existence. The other is to believe, and to feel an unhealthy interest in them. They themselves are equally pleased by both errors and hail a materialist or a magician with the same delight."
Contender Ministries correctly states that there is a "growing interest in Wicca in many parts of the world, " but describes Wicca as "the name for a contemporary pagan revival of witchcraft." Contender Ministries correctly points out that "Contrary to popular stereotypes, Wicca, is not witches in black hats, riding brooms and casting spells, " though they then go on to qualify this by stating: "...although I don't doubt there are some who still get involved in different kinds of sorcery." They accuse Wicca of falling "in line with the new age, humanist movement" adding "much like other faiths and churches in the world today." "Wicca's core beliefs, " Contender tells us, "have taken on the Earth worship aspect and the deification of man that all of the new age religions are known for. While all witchcraft and neopagan groups vary widely in their rituals, techniques, and some beliefs, they are consistent in their doctrine of nature worship, goddess worship, and a oneness or connectedness of the cosmos."
From this Contender launches into "A Christian Response to Wicca." "The person involved in witchcraft may claim that the Bible does not condemn witchraft, " they tell us, "since they assert that the real interpretation of the Hebrew word for ‘witchcraft’ should be sorcery, divination and those who practice such things." They don’t dispute this. Instead they suddenly switch from the term "witchcraft" to the fundamentalist buzz words "occult" and "occultic." Possibly they intend to divert attention from their lack of response in this fashion. Their response reads: "The Bible categorically denounces any and all occultic practices." This is followed by the obligatory quotation of Deuteronomy 18:10-12, which they present as follows:
"Let no one be found among you who sacrifices his son or daughter in the fire, who practices divination or sorcery, interprets omens, engages in witchcraft, or casts spells, or who is a medium or spiritist or who consults the dead. Anyone who does these things is detestable to the Lord, and because of these detestable practices the Lord your god will drive out those nations before you."
Contender Ministries then tells the reader that the New Testament also condemns such practices, quoting Galatians 5:20, Acts 19:19 and Acts 13:6-12. "The Bible in the strongest terms condemns the occult and those who practice it, " Contender tells us, "The road of the occult is broad and leads to destruction, while the way of Christ is narrow and leads to life eternal." This statement is followed by a listing of other Biblical verses from Exodus, Leviticus, Samuel, 2 Kings, I Chronicles, Isaiah, Ezra, Daniel, Acts, Galatians, and Revelations.
The rest of this web page is a list of what they believe to be Wiccan claims followed by responses by Contender Ministries. None of these "statements" of Wiccan belief are quotations: They’re statements of what Contender Ministries thinks Wiccans believe. These statements and responses read as follows
My Response: This is the old Zoroastrian "forces of light vs forces of darkness" stuff that so many fundamentalists subscribe to, but Wiccans do not. Note how Contender Ministries is suggesting that this is how Wiccans view the world. The world is not a black and white place.
- "They may argue that sorcery is black magic used for evil, and that they practice white magic, magic for good, " Contender Ministries tells us, "Response: The Bible makes no distinction between good or bad magic or sorcery. All sorcery comes from the same source and is abhorred by God." We are then referred to the aforementioned verses.
My Response: Note how Contender does not directly accuse Wiccans of viewing "the return of Christ as a horrible thing." Of course Wiccans do not. I’m sure that most Wiccans believe that Christ would be disgusted with the activities of fundamentalists such as this should he return. Once again Contender’s response seems to have little to do with the statement they claim to be refuting. It is pretty clear from their response that the Contender Ministries people can’t imagine how you can be one with divinity and the world. They can’t see how you can have a relationship with something which is connected to you.
- "Many non-Christians see the return of Christ as a horrible thing. Witches will scoff at this saying ‘Our Goddess isn't some spiteful deity that will one day wipe out the Earth. She loves us enough to let us do what we want and make our own choices, ’" Contender tells us, "Response: Love implies a relationship. If the goddess is in us, if the goddess is us, and is the earth, trees and that rock over there, it is impossible to have a relationship with her and it is impossible to be loved by her. God can be separate from you and be closer than anything else. The holy spirit can be in you, yet you are not God. It is this separateness that allows Christ to strengthen us. We are weak, but through Him we have strength. Because He is distinct from us He can provide us guidance, he can listen to us, he can love us. He couldn't do this if he were only another aspect of our being or of nature."
My Response: The Wiccan Rede doesn’t say that there is no right and wrong. It says be all you can be but take responsibility for your actions. It says not to harm anyone. If there was no wrong, how could one do harm? If there was no wrong, why would the Rede ask us to be responsible for what we do? The statement that follows ("The chances of doing something in this life that doesn't affect someone else in some way at some point are very low") indicates that Contender Ministries really has no insight into the Wiccan Rede, since this statement as good as paraphrases the Rede. Note how the argument that follows implies that the only valid moral code is theirs, and note how they justify to themselves imposing this upon others. Note how their initial statement about "absolute truth" sets them up to claim that the Bible is absolute truth. Note how Contender Ministries claims that "the pagan will admit that Christians are wrong..." Note the dig at anything environmental. This is a common aspect of such literature: You’ll have seen examples of it elsewhere in my Witch Hunts series.
- "Pagans believe there is no absolute truth, therefore, there is no right and wrong, " we are told, "Response: This is immediately a contradictory statement because people who believe in an absolute truth such as the Bible must then be wrong. The pagan will admit they believe Christians are wrong, forgetting they don't believe in a right way or a wrong way. The chances of doing something in this life that doesn't affect someone else in some way at some point are very low. Without guidance or a set of moral standards, we will negatively affect someone else. This is a fact and it is sin. The pagan will argue that we shouldn't impose our beliefs on them. They will also say that we shouldn't harm the environment. But, if I'm an atheist and believe the Earth is just a rock, I should then be able to do anything I want to the environment. To say I can't, is to say my belief is wrong. The point is, it is not possible to say all ways are truth and there is no right or wrong. For the Pagan to say there is no right or wrong is to say the Earth is Goddess, but the Earth is also not Goddess because the atheist is right too. Realizing this impossibility should alert the Pagan to the reality that there is truth out there. As eternity is at stake, it is a good idea to seek it out and listen with this new appreciation for truth."
My Response: It is interesting that they should criticize things Pagan by claiming that "there is no Choice in Paganism, " as if Contender Ministries is offering us any choice. Note how they claim that reincarnation consists of "a broken record and eternal punishment for past mistakes." Karma is cause and effect. You get what you put out there. If you stop making mistakes and doing nasty things, things get better. Contender doesn’t want you to realize this. They want you to believe that the answer to all your problems is them. Note how they conveniently leave out the punishment for people that reject their system.
- "Witches believe in endless reincarnation and Karma that is passed on from life to life as you struggle to reach enlightenment, " Contender tells us, "Response: There is no Choice in Paganism. No matter what you do or what you believe, your life is heading toward the same truth, the same goddess. This goddess offers no end to the wheel of life cycles and has nothing more to offer you than a broken record and eternal punishment for past mistakes. Jesus offers so much more. He loved us so much that He died on the cross so that we can spend eternity in heaven. He gave us choice. The choice to choose Him or not to choose to be with Him. Jesus does not demand that we spend life after life trying to improve our karma, while not remembering what we did to deserve the less-than-perfect karma rating that led us back to earth again. He does not expect you to be punished for a previous life's karma only to pass your karma on to another life for more endless punishment. All he asks is that you believe in Him and accept his free gift of an eternity with Him."
My Response: Oh I’ve got a very clear and complete understanding of Satan and Hell, thanks. It is a bogey man to scare people into the pews and enforce compliance with Christian doctrine. Note how they are describing free will here as a sin.
- "For many Pagans the Christian belief in hell is a major obstacle. They see Christians as Cruel and heartless for believing that humans would go to hell for not believing in Christ. This usually comes from an incomplete understanding of what hell is and the free will that God gave us to choose our future, " Contender Ministries claims, "Response: First of all, Hell was created for the devil and his angels. (Matthew 25:41, 2 Peter 2:4). The devil is a sinner and has sinned from the beginning (I John 3:8). So, hell is a place for sin and death. Why would God create a place for sinners to go, they might ask. Why would God create sin? God didn't create sin. It is a natural result of giving us free will. We are not robots put on earth and allowed only to do what God would have us do. God gave us freedom to choose and to enter into a relationship with Him freely. A relationship is no relationship at all if a person is forced to love."
My Response: Pagans would actually assert that Hell doesn’t exist except within the minds of people like this. Pagans would not argue, as Contender suggests, that it is unfair to be punished for misdeeds. Quite the contrary. This is exactly in accordance with the Wiccan Rede.
- "Pagans will also argue that no one would choose hell, so it is only because of a lack of knowledge that they would go there and that is unfair, " Contender claims, "Response: Throughout our society we see many people make bad choices with severe consequences and they were fully aware of their actions. People drive drunk, do drugs, and break the law. There are consequences for those actions and we don't assume they didn't know what they were doing. It all comes back to choice and freedom, something we all cherish and wouldn't want to live without. It is not unfair to be punished for our actions. Even nature shows evidence of consequences for our actions. Believing in Christ is an action. It is the basis for how we live our lives, and there are consequences for those who choose to live apart from God just as there are consequences for those who make bad choices in society. It really isn't so foreign. Christians are those who choose to live with Christ for eternity. Non-Christians are those who don't. Heaven is a gift to those who choose it. ‘For the wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life.’ Hell is a place for those who have chosen to live apart from God, to whom God will say ‘Your will be done’."
My Response: Why would a Pagan be asking for chances from Jehovah in the first place? We don’t believe in him. This is just more "my way or else" nonsense.
- "Why doesn't God give us a second chance?" Contender Ministries asks the reader, "Response: Again this comes back to free will. If God manipulates the choice it isn't really free will is it? Choosing to follow Christ after experiencing the reality of hell is like choosing to bet on a horse race moments before the winner crosses the finish line. God made the evidence of His presence overwhelming. He gave us His Word in the Bible, He sent his Son to die for us, and he created the amazing universe we live in. He also gave us guidelines to live by because He wants peace and happiness for us. He didn't want us to live in chaos without Him, only to accept Him when the race is finished. God is a personal God who loves us and wants us to have hope, a hope that he freely gives. But, it is up to us to choose eternity with Him or apart from Him. God is honoring the right of those he created to make their own choices. We are not just a means to an end. He loves us and created us as unique individuals. He will reward us and receive us with open arms if we choose Him."
Another page on the Contender Ministries web site is "History and Background of Wicca." This is largely a restatement of the same misconceptions found in the Response to Wicca page. They begin by telling us that the term witchcraft has been defined in different ways. They then only present their definition: "the human harnessing of supernatural powers for the malevolent purpose of practicing black magic." This leads them to conclude that "witchcraft, sorcery, and magic are nearly synonymous." They claim that "Not all witches worship Satan, and in fact most do not believe in Satan at all." It would be more accurate to say that no Wiccans worship Satan at all. Contender Ministries then correctly points out that Wiccans do not believe in hell or original sin. They then contradict themselves by stating that "These groups believe that Satan is an imaginary creation of the Christian Church." This is true, but didn’t they just say that some of us believed in Satan? They then immediately return to their first claim, stating that "If they believe in Satan at all they will tell you that the devil is just another Christian diety [sic]." That should be deity. Contender then correctly states that Wiccans "do not believe in demons, and their deities are considered to be ‘imminent’, or within each of us, meaning that everyone is actually deity."
Contender Ministries seems to have difficulty sorting out whether Wiccans believe in Satan or not. The next paragraph reads: "A few groups do, however, worship Satan. During the Middle Ages, witchcraft experienced a great revival. The supernatural became very popular and superstition abounded. If someone wanted to become a witch, there was an initiation process. Some of the techniques were simple and some were complicated, but there were usually two requirements. The first was that the would-be witch must join of his or her own free will. The second requirement was that the prospective witch must be willing to worship the devil. Modern day witches, however, are not typically Satan worshipers." This is Inquisitional folklore, not historical fact.
Contender Ministries then returns to their assumptions about Wiccan ethics and morals. They state that "most Wiccans do not accept the belief that there is good or evil. They argue that there are only forces that must be balanced. Evil is just a necessary part of good and the negative can be transmuted into the positive (a basic belief of medieval alchemy). While political views are not universal among witches, most support neo-tolerance. There is no absolute truth. What's true for you may not be true for me, so everything is true, just pick one." Again, this demonstrates Contender’s basic misunderstanding of the Wiccan Rede and Three Fold Law of Return.
Like so many other fundamentalists that I’ve written about in this Witch Hunts series, Contender Ministries is opposed to feminism and anything homosexual. Contender states that Wiccans are "strong supporters of women's rights and matriarchy, sexual ‘freedom’ (including homosexuality, polyamory, non-monogamy, sexual activity by teens), [and] abortion."
Contender Ministries also claims that Wiccans desire the "abolition of Christianity from public life, especially in schools and governmental functions." They point out that "In recent years there have been lawsuits filed by Pagans against such things as ‘In God We Trust’, student-led prayer in schools, the Ten Commandments, and Christian symbols, such as the Cross, in city and county seals. However, many are also active in getting the schools to teach the Wiccan holidays (Halloween, Winter Solstice, etc.), pagan elements of ‘Earth Day’, and Pagan symbolism. An ally in the fight to introduce pagan earth worship into the schools is found in the United Nations as they are working to promote the Earth Charter in education, a document that contains much pagan tradition and doctrine." It would be more accurate to say that Wiccans and Pagans have fought against the authorities who try to teach Christian concepts in the schools to the exclusion of everything else. We don’t want to abolish them, we just want to be included.
"Modern day Wiccans tend to distance themselves from Christianity because of what they claim is the proliferation of a patriarchal male-dominated religion that has historically ignored the role of women in the church and society, " Contender Ministries claims, "Traditionally, however, there have been as many, if not more, male witches/sorcerers than female in some pagan circles (e.g., the Druids). While not a religion for women only, today witchcraft is very much a female dominated religion." It is hardly surprising that so many women should come to religions such as Wicca, seeing as there is no place for them in many Western churches. If Contender Ministries was as knowledgeable as they’d have the reader believe, they’d realize that there has been a growing interest in Paganism for men in the various Neo-Pagan religions. This movement is about re-defining male roles and bringing about equality between the sexes. This isn’t something you see happening in the average fundamentalist Christian church these days.
Contender Ministries then gives us a mini history of Gerald Gardner and the creation of Wiccan religion, pointing out for the umpteenth time "Gardner did not discover a pre-existing Witchcraft group." Contender points out that Gardner invented the religion of Wicca. Of course the reason that they (and others) bring this up is that they hope to discredit Wicca and other Pagan faiths by (a) showing that it isn’t older than theirs and (b) showing that it was a man made creation. The problem with this is that (a) the older is better argument is a logical fallacy and (b) ALL religions were created by humans, including theirs.
Another page on the Contender Ministries web site is "Wicca Beliefs and Practices." They correctly state that "There are a wide variety of beliefs and practices in modern day Wicca" and that "distinct principles derived from Gardnerian Wicca are common to most modern witches." Contender Ministries provides a list of Wiccan beliefs which I’m sure no Wiccan would take issue with, followed by a brief discussion of the influences of Celtic, Norse, Greek, Roman, Egyptian, and Native American practices on Wicca. We are correctly told that Wiccans revere nature, support peace, "and believe society cannot be at peace if we are out of harmony with nature or are mistreating Mother Earth (also known as Gaia, the name of a pagan goddess given to Earth)." This is used as a launch pad for another jab at the United Nations: "This aspect of Wicca is very similar to the New Age Religion supported by the United Nations and many of it's members, NGO's and leaders." Contender Ministries then tells us of the various sorts of divination techniques Wiccans use. Various Wiccan symbols are listed. Our views of reincarnation are once again discussed.
Then Contender Ministries tells us that "One hurdle that will have to be crossed in witnessing to a person involved in Wicca is their lack of belief in a need for forgiveness or salvation. To the witch, there is no sin therefore no need for forgiveness. There is no need for salvation, as there is nothing to be saved from." This is correct, since Wiccan and Neo-Pagan systems aren’t based on guilt like the fundamentalist Christian system is. Contender Ministries once again demonstrates their fundamental misunderstanding of the Wiccan Rede, which they interpret as " Basically, as long as you don't hurt anyone, anything goes, "going on to say that views of what actually causes harm vary from person to person. Contender Ministries hints at the existence of a Three Fold Law (without naming it), telling us that "Most also believe that whatever you do will come back to you three-fold, so it pays to be careful."
Contender Ministries tells us that "Some, however, believe that it is sometimes acceptable to cause harm as long as you are willing to accept the karmic consequence." The Rede says harm none. Period. It doesn’t say harm is sometimes acceptable if you are willing to pay the price. It doesn’t say anything goes. It says take responsibility for your actions.
Contender concludes by once again pointing out how Wiccan beliefs are "humanist", and claiming that "everything goes as long as it doesn't oppose their claim to being god/godess or hold them accountable to a higher power." The inference is that we don’t have a higher power to be accountable to and, further, that their higher power is the only one. They describe us as "intolerant" towards their views on "absolute truth" and describe us as taking "an insult to be told there is evil in the world and we all sin." Attached to this page are links to a Christian Tracts section which includes a tract based on their "A Christian Response to Wicca" web page.
Earlier we saw Contender Ministries saying that they "cannot grab [unbelievers] by the scruff of the neck and drag them to the garden, " but you certainly get the sense reading this web site that this is exactly what they’re itching to do. They say it themselves when they speak of "taking up the sword of God." They aren’t "lovingly pointing out the garden, " they’re using flawed information to scare you into compliance. To them this is a spiritual war. Truth, to them, is their truth, their way the only way. They see the world as a place full of the "lies and traps Satan has set for people." Contender Ministries tells us that they "must NOT be arrogant, spiteful, or ignorant in our efforts to convey the truth." Yet their claim to be the absolute guardians of the only correct view of the universe is about as arrogant as it gets.They claim that they "do not do this to be mean, " but how else can you describe their small-mindedness? This isn’t as bad as some sites that I’ve reviewed in the past, but it is still a work of intolerance and ignorance.
Article ID: 9793
Age Group: Adult
Days Up: 5,121
Times Read: 28,729
RSS Views: 21,649
Location: Surrey, British Columbia
Bio: Kerr Cuhulain the author of this article, is known to the mundane world as Detective Constable Charles Ennis. Ennis, a former child abuse investigator, is the author of several articles on child abuse investigation that appeared in Law & Order Magazine. Better known to the Pagan community by his Wiccan name, Kerr Cuhulain, Ennis was the first Wiccan police officer to go public about his beliefs 28 years ago. Kerr is now the Preceptor General of Officers of Avalon. Kerr went on to write four books: The Law Enforcement Guide to Wicca (Horned Owl Publishing), Wiccan Warrior and Full Contact Magick: A Book of Shadows for the Wiccan Warrior. (Llewellyn Publications), as well as a book based on this series: Witch Hunts: Out of the Broom Closet (Spiral Publishing).
Email Kerr: email@example.com
Other Articles: Kerr Cuhulain has posted 182 additional articles- View them?
Other Listings: To view ALL of my listings: Click HERE
Email Kerr Cuhulain... (Yes! I have opted to receive invites to Pagan events, groups, and commercial sales)
Web Site Content (including: text - graphics - html - look & feel)
Copyright 1997-2019 The Witches' Voice Inc. All rights reserved
Note: Authors & Artists retain the copyright for their work(s) on this website.
Unauthorized reproduction without prior permission is a violation of copyright laws.
Website structure, evolution and php coding by Fritz Jung on a Macintosh.
Any and all personal political opinions expressed in the public listing sections
(including, but not restricted to, personals, events, groups, shops, Wrenâ€™s Nest, etc.)
are solely those of the author(s) and do not reflect the opinion of The Witchesâ€™ Voice, Inc.
TWV is a nonprofit, nonpartisan educational organization.
The Witches' Voice carries a 501(c)(3) certificate and a Federal Tax ID.
Mail Us: The Witches' Voice Inc., P.O. Box 341018, Tampa, Florida 33694-1018 U.S.A.
of The World
NOTE: The essay on this page contains the writings and opinions of the listed author(s) and is not necessarily shared or endorsed by the Witches' Voice inc.
The Witches' Voice does not verify or attest to the historical accuracy contained in the content of this essay.
All WitchVox essays contain a valid email address, feel free to send your comments, thoughts or concerns directly to the listed author(s).