Articles/Essays From Pagans
December 10th. 2016 ...
A Child's First Yule
November 10th. 2016 ...
What Exactly Is Witchcraft?
A Witch in the Bible Belt: Questions are Opportunities
On Death and Passing: Compassion Burnout in Healers and Shamans
What I Get from Cooking (And How it’s Part of My Path)
October 10th. 2016 ...
Witchcraft from the Outside
September 11th. 2016 ...
How Did I Get Here? (My Pagan Journey)
Wild Mountain Woman: Landscape Goddess
September 3rd. 2016 ...
Rethinking Heaven: What Happens When We Die?
What is Happening in My Psychic Reading?
August 12th. 2016 ...
When Reality Rattles your Idea of the Perfect Witch
Hungarian Belief in Fairies
Designing a Pagan Last Will and Testament
July 13th. 2016 ...
What Every Pagan Should Know About Curses
Magic With A Flick of my Finger
An Open Mind and Heart
Finding and Caring for Your Frame Drum
June 13th. 2016 ...
Pollyanna Propaganda: The Distressing Trend of Victim-Blaming in Spirituality
Living a Magickal Life with Fibromyalgia
My Father, My First God
Life is Awesome... and the Flu
May 15th. 2016 ...
Faery Guided Journey
How to Bond with the Elements through Magick
Magical Household Cleaning
Working with the Elements
April 2nd. 2016 ...
An Alternative Conception of Divine Reciprocity
Becoming Wiccan: What I Never Expected
The Fear of Witchcraft
Rebirth By Fire: A Love Letter to Mama Maui and Lady Pele
Blowing Bubbles with the Goddess
Magic in Sentences
The Evolution of Thought Forms
March 28th. 2016 ...
Revisiting The Spiral
Lateral Transcendence: Toward Greater Compassion
Spring Has Sprung!
January 22nd. 2016 ...
Coming Out of the Broom Closet
Energy and Karma
Community and Perception
December 20th. 2015 ...
Introduction to Tarot For the Novice
Magia y Wicca
October 24th. 2015 ...
Facing Your Demons: The Shadow Self
The Dream Eater--A Practical Use of Summoning Talismans
Native American Spirituality Myopia
A Dream Message
Feeling the Pulse of Autumn
October 16th. 2015 ...
Sacred Lands, Sacred Hearts
September 30th. 2015 ...
September 16th. 2015 ...
Vegan or Vegetarian? The Ethical Debate
Nature Worship: or Seeing the Trees for the Ents
August 6th. 2015 ...
Lost - A Pagan Parent's Tale
July 9th. 2015 ...
Love Spells: The Good, The Bad, and the Ugly
The Magic of Weather
June 7th. 2015 ...
A Pagan Altar
A Minority of a Minority of a Minority
The Consort: Silent Partner or Hidden in Plain Sight?
Why I Bother With Ritual: Poetry and Eikonic Atheism
May 6th. 2015 ...
Gods, Myth, and Ritual in Naturalistic Paganism
I Claim Cronehood
13 Keys: The Crown of Kether
March 29th. 2015 ...
A Thread in the Tapestry of Witchcraft
March 28th. 2015 ...
On Wiccan Magick, Theurgy, Thaumaturgy and Setting Expectations
March 1st. 2015 ...
Choosing to Write a Shadow Book
Historiolae: The Spell Within the Story
February 1st. 2015 ...
Seeker Advice From a Coven Leader
The Three Centers of Paganism
Magick is No Illusion
The Ancient Use of God/Goddess Surnames
The Gods of My Heart
January 1st. 2015 ...
The Six Most Valuable Lessons I've Learned on My Path as a Witch
Manipulation of the Concept of Witchcraft
Publicly Other: Witchcraft in the Suburbs
Pagans All Around Us
Broomstick to the Emerald City
October 20th. 2014 ...
Thoughts on Conjuring Spirits
A Microcosmic View of Ma'at
October 5th. 2014 ...
The History of the Sacred Circle
NOTE: For a complete list of articles related to this chapter... Visit the Main Index FOR this section.
A Crash Course in Hermetic Philosophy
Article ID: 13597
Age Group: Adult
Days Up: 2,430
Times Read: 5,066
RSS Views: 14,067
Posted: April 18th. 2010
Times Viewed: 5,066
What is Hermeticism per se? There are several answers - and about 80% of ALL of them are absolutely correct. Hermeticism can refer to an occult philosophy traceable to Hellenistic Egypt and into the early Christian era centered on the Mythic figure of one Hermes Trismegistus. It can refer to the royal art of alchemy. It can refer to students and masters/mistresses of either or both, who traditionally studied in small groups around a central teacher. In the late 1800s and early 1900s, it came to refer to such orders as the Golden Dawn or Aurum Solis, which made use of all of the above to create a truly phenomenal and comprehensive synthesis of occult philosophy and practice.
The term Hermetic can even be used as an adjective to describe types of ceremonies - the Order of Nine Angles (a fascist Satanic group in the UK) uses it to refer to solitary workings vs. group ceremonials, while William Gray used it to refer to very formal ceremonies. Gray used the term "Orphic" to refer to less formal ceremonials.
Which of these is correct? Well, we could say all of them, to some degree. However, let's focus on the first (and maybe purest) i.e. the teachings stemming from Hellenistic Egypt.
While there is some variation, even within the same texts (some being optimistic, others being pessimistic) , a general synopsis of Hermetic philosophy was this:
1) Ultimately, there is One Divine Force. However, this One Force or Being cannot be defined other than in the negative (i.e. what it is not) . The only three words that may be used to positively describe it are "the Good, the Just, and the Beautiful." Jews and Christians identified this One with their God, Pagans (such as Hypatia and Plato) approached it as a divine mystery, and Gnostics saw in it the Pleroma (fullness) of the Aeons and the Hidden God above fallen matter.
2) The One creates by reflection (meditation) and emanation. Its first creation was Divine Thought - identified variously as Necessity (the Fate above the Three Fates) , Providence, Wisdom (Sophia) , or the Holy Spirit. The Thought was generally seen as female, but not always.
3) The One brings out a Primal Man (or becomes somehow a Primal Man) who is identified with the Sun. (The Sun in this context is used as a symbol for the center of all creation not the star itself) . Primal Man is also called the Lightbringer, the Firstborn, the Logos (the Word) . Primal Man also brings into being the Seven Governors (the planets and the planetary gods) .
4) There is Nature (the World Soul) - who herself is Truth. (The word for Truth and Nature is the same in Greek, Alithea) . Primal Man spies her across the great divide. He yearns for her and moves closer to her. In doing so, he "falls" - and the Seven Governors impart their powers to him. The more optimistic schools taught that they empowered him with their virtues. The pessimists held that they bound him in chains. Some held that both were right.
5) Primal Man, as Light and Spirit, married the World Soul, filling Nature with his essence. It is this essence that makes every creature live, and is the web of correspondence and synchronicity upon which magic depends.
6) Either Primal Man is manifold, reflecting as many diverse creatures at once... or has somehow become divided as many diverse sparks of Light. It is the goal of the wise to raise this scattered Light (taking Nature with them) into the Divine Realm, where the Logos may be reconstituted. In the context of the Mystery Cults, as well as the practice of theurgy (high magic) , this was phrased "the gift of the Gods to become as the Gods."
Hermeticism has appealed to two types of people: people afraid of magic and people who embrace magic. The former saw in Hermes Trismegistus a primeval sage sent by the Creator to enlighten us as to our origins and our ends. The latter saw a philosophy that made sense of why and how magic worked, that illustrated a dynamic web of correspondences that they could use, as well as highlighting the ultimate aim of all true magic (the uplifting and purifying of the lower ego into a medium of the Higher Self) . Of the two, those who embraced magic were probably the more historically correct to the roots of Hermeticism proper.
Believe it or not, but BOTH types found a home in primitive Christianity. Up until the late 1600s, the foundation of Christian thought was a hybrid of Neo-Platonism and Hermeticism. (As Hermeticism itself was indebted to Neo-Platonism, this may be redundant) .
Indeed, there is far more of Hellenistic philosophy and mystery in the older variants of Christianity than there are survivals of Hebrew religion! It was only AFTER the Hellenistic age and Ptolemaic dynasty that the Cabalistic school blossomed (though there were precedents such as the Essene and Merkahbah sects) . Though that in itself is a heady topic that could easily go on and on and on.
Those Hermetic Jews and Christians who were uneasy about magic felt that Hermes Trismegistus was a contemporary of Moses. The Christians taught that he was a "noble Pagan" (like Plato and Pythagoras) who had been illumined by God by the angels to pave the way for the coming of Jesus. They taught the philosophy as a sort of "Egyptian Gospel" to solve problems and conundrums in the developing Christian theology. However, they insisted that the magical elements were corrupt additions to the originally pure texts by those "nasty barbarians in Rome" (sic) who wanted to justify themselves by soiling the name of a decent (if Pagan) sage.
Those who embraced magic walked a tight line.
Some, such as Marsillo Ficino, were devout Christians who nonetheless advocated natural magic. This he defined as the manipulation of natural forces placed by God at man's disposal for common good if only humanity knew how. Marsillo identified the ancient Gods with angels, as well as being "symbols and forces" in service to God. Thus, he advocated a pious Christian life in tandem to reciting hymns to the Sun, to Venus, and to other Deities, with offerings of incense and the wearing of sacred colors. His "Book of Life" is a wonderful compendium of such "natural remedies" against melancholy, depression, poverty, and misery. (Though translations in English - good translations at least - are VERY pricey) .
Others taught that the magical arts should not be in the hands of the people who would misuse them. Rather, priests and bishops should use them to see that the people are happy, healthy, and grow in the path of wisdom.
And lastly there were a growing number (from 1600s to 1800s) who formally renounced membership in organized Christianity while still considering themselves to be Christians. They seized upon Augustine's line that "there has never been a time where there was not a Christian religion" to mean that Christianity was meant to be the tool (in their age) of the great spiritual awakening at the core of a universal Hermetic philosophy. To that end, one Giordano Bruno proudly stood before the Pope when accused of heresy. One of the things he told the pope can be summed in this paraphrase: "The organized Christian Church is misled and misleading. The true religion of humanity is the Egyptian religion of Isis and Hermes Trismegistus. Only when your Church cleans its own house and embraces that light will it be saved from itself."
For this, and for teaching such horrible sentiments as a heliocentric universe and the necessity of free thought, Bruno was burnt alive on February 17, 1600. Times were changing, and cold Aristotelian logic - which saw Nature as base and separate from Deity - forever changed the way in which our society and the Christian Church relates to the unseen.
Let us also remember that - through the Crotona Fellowship, the Theosophical Society, and the Society of the Inner Light, the Golden Dawn, and the New Forest Coven - the light of Hermes shines through the Revived Craft (as it does through the old persuasion) . We build upon our past - may we honor its memory and secure its legacy wisely.
Some resources: (no particular order, though * are recommended heartily to those fairly new to occult philosophy, theology, and Hermeticism in particular)
The Corpus Hermeticum (especially "the Divine Pymander" and "the Virgin of the World")
The Collected Works of Rumi
The Picatrix or the Goal of the Wise (English translations are a tad pricey and hard to come by, though the one by Ouroboros press is BEAUTIFUL and true to the original)
*In the Dark Places of Wisdom by Peter Kingsley
The Book of Life by Marsillo Ficino
Three Books of Occult Philosophy by Cornelius Agrippa
The Golden Dawn by Israel Regardie
*The Kybalion by Three Initiates
The New Hermetics by Jason Newcomb
Hermetic Magic by Stephen Edred Flowers
*Giordano Bruno and the Hermetic Tradition by Frances Yates
* The Secret Teachings of All Ages by Manly P Hall
Orations to the Mother of the Gods and the Sovereign Sun (King Helios) by Emperor Julian
*God against the Gods by Jonathan Kirsche
The New Encyclopedia of the Occult by Jonathan Michael Greer
Encyclopedia of Wicca and Witchcraft by Raven Grimassi
The article drew from many resources, some oral, but most derived from the steady stream of academic interest in the Hermetic stream. A careful reading of the books recommended will prove beneficial to interested parties.
Copyright: (c) Jonathan Sousa, 2009
Location: Norton, Massachusetts
Author's Profile: To learn more about Kedeshim - Click HERE
Other Articles: Kedeshim has posted 8 additional articles- View them?
Other Listings: To view ALL of my listings: Click HERE
Email Kedeshim... (No, I have NOT opted to receive Pagan Invites! Please do NOT send me anonymous invites to groups, sales and events.)
Web Site Content (including: text - graphics - html - look & feel)
Copyright 1997-2016 The Witches' Voice Inc. All rights reserved
Note: Authors & Artists retain the copyright for their work(s) on this website.
Unauthorized reproduction without prior permission is a violation of copyright laws.
Website structure, evolution and php coding by Fritz Jung on a Macintosh G5.
Any and all personal political opinions expressed in the public listing sections (including, but not restricted to, personals, events, groups, shops, Wrenâ€™s Nest, etc.) are solely those of the author(s) and do not reflect the opinion of The Witchesâ€™ Voice, Inc. TWV is a nonprofit, nonpartisan educational organization.
Sponsorship: Visit the Witches' Voice Sponsor Page for info on how you
can help support this Community Resource. Donations ARE Tax Deductible.
The Witches' Voice carries a 501(c)(3) certificate and a Federal Tax ID.
Mail Us: The Witches' Voice Inc., P.O. Box 341018, Tampa, Florida 33694-1018 U.S.A.
of The World
NOTE: The essay on this page contains the writings and opinions of the listed author(s) and is not necessarily shared or endorsed by the Witches' Voice inc.
The Witches' Voice does not verify or attest to the historical accuracy contained in the content of this essay.
All WitchVox essays contain a valid email address, feel free to send your comments, thoughts or concerns directly to the listed author(s).