Page: Profile: (Personal)
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Profile ID: 283154
AIM: Pan Caduceus
Personal Profile for...
Magickal Path: Eclectic, Nonsectarian
Age Group: Adult
Sun Sign: Libra
Located in: Salem, Massachusetts
Likes: Qabalah, Hermetica, European Mystery Traditions such as the Orphic and Pythagorean Covens, Egyptology, Hellenistic Philosophies, et cetera.
Dislikes: A certain philosopher wrote to the prestigious physicians and astronomers of his time, "You appear to me but as parrots in a cage, while I watch you dancing up and down, turning and hopping within those circles." Many people seem to reiterate what they're told without question.
Pan Caduceus's Profile...
Many people in Western Society believe that most Pagans in archaic times were primitive, delusional folk who, being intellectually inferior to Judeo-Christians, believed in mythology.
St. Augustine, a doctor of the early Catholic Church, writes in his work entitled "City of God" (Book XVI, Chapter 9) :
"But as to the fable that there are Antipodes, that is to say, men on the opposite side of the earth... men who walk with their feet opposite ours, that is on no ground credible... although it be supposed or scientifically demonstrated that the world is of a round and spherical form, yet it does not follow that the other side of the earth is bare of water; nor even, though it be bare, does it immediately follow that it is peopled. For Scripture, which proves the truth of its historical statements by the accomplishment of its prophecies, gives no false information; and it is too absurd to say, that some men might have taken ship and traversed the whole wide ocean, and crossed from this side of the world to the other, and that thus even the inhabitants of that distant region are descended from that one first man."
Not only did Eratosthenes of Cyrene, a Greco-Egyptian Pagan, calculate the circumference of the spherical earth with astonishing accuracy, but also, according to the famous Pagan mathematician named Archimedes, a Pagan named Aristarchus of Samos proposed that the stars and sun are fixed while the earth moves around the sun in a circular manner. These scientific feats were accomplished before the Christian Era.
As St. Augustine records, there were Pagan philosophers who argued that Earth is a sphere, that there must be lands across the sea on the antipodes, the opposite sides of the globe, and that those distant lands must be inhabited by foreign peoples.
St. Augustine argued this premise in the fourth century based on the Bible. Considering the amount of time that the Bible gives from Noah's Ark to the time of Christ, it was too absurd for St. Augustine to believe that descendants of Noah sailed across the ocean and inhabited distant lands, while also being related to Noah and Adam.
After St. Augustine's time, Europe entered the Dark Ages due to Church suppression of Pagan philosophies. Nearly a thousand years after the life of St. Augustine, there was a reawakened interest in Pagan philosophies among European Christians.
Copernicus, for instance, was very inspired by many Pagans such as Sophocles and Trismegistus ("On the Revolutions of Heavenly Spheres, Book I, Chapter 10) . Furthermore, he gives the following reference in his Prologue to Pope Paul III:
"And as a matter of fact, I found first in Cicero that Nicetas thought that the Earth moved. And afterwards I found in Plutarch that there were some others of the same opinion: I shall copy out his words here, so that they may be known to all:
" 'Some think that the Earth is at rest; but Philolaus the Pythagorean says that it moves around the fire with an obliquely circular motion, like the sun and moon. Herakleides of Pontus and Ekphantus the Pythagorean do not give the Earth any movement of locomotion, but rather a limited movement of rising and setting around its centre, like a wheel.'
"Therefore I also, having found occasion, began to meditate upon the mobility of the Earth."
And Archimedes, an archaic mathematician, records in his "Sand Reckoner":
"Aristarchus of Samos brought out a book consisting of some hypotheses, in which the premisses lead to the result that the universe is many times greater than that now so called. His hypotheses are that the fixed stars and the sun remain unmoved, that the earth revolves about the sun in the circumference of a circle, the sun lying in the middle of the orbit."
Many authorities of the Church were not very fond of Copernicus' research in the Renaissance. They considered it heresy because of accounts that are written in the Bible. The earth's plant life, for instance, is written to have been created on the third day (Genesis 1:11-13) before the sun and that stars that are written to have been created on the fourth day (Genesis 1:14-19) . According to Joshua 10:13, "the sun stopped in the middle of the sky and delayed going down about a full day" because of a prophet's prayer, and in Psalm 104:5, God is written to have "set the earth on its foundations; it can never be moved."
In the Renaissance, the development of more advanced scientific theories inevitably led to evangelical opposition. The reasons for such an opposition are often overlooked in modern times.
Before Galileo was summoned by the Holy Office under suspicion of heresy, the Catholic Inquisition tortured and burnt an Italian philosopher for multiple heresies. He proposed that the stars are suns, there are many solar systems, there were likely pre-adamites (men who lived before the time that Adam allegedly lived) , that days in Genesis are figurative rather than literal, and that God, being omnipresent, is everywhere at once and thus is not merely a man... These ideas were named "heresies." Friar Bruno, according to his writings (such as "On the Infinite Universe and Worlds") exalts the Kingdom of God as being infinite and gives His Majesty the credit for such a magnificent Kingdom of Celestial Beauty; it is a shame he was burnt in 1600.
And Bruno, like Copernicus, was inspired by Pagan philosophies, like most famous thinkers of the Renaissance were according to their published writings.
Many Pagans were just absolutely genius in in terms of scientific thinking compared to nearly all Catholics who lived before the Renaissance.
(This ends my history lesson for today.)
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